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September Census release

Statistics Canada has just released Income data from the 2016 Census program.

The Daily contains key results from the 2016 Census, such as a the median total income of Canadians is $70,336 in 2015. For persons aged 25 to 54 years, the median employment income in 2015 is $43,346. However, growth was not distributed evenly across Canada - median income growth was highest in Nunavut and Saskatchewan (resource-based provinces) while median income growth was slowest in Ontario and Quebec. 

Here are some articles from Statistics Canada: The Community Data Program team will make links available from our website to STC’s website for the free standard releases, while special orders – non-standard geographies and custom cross-tabs – will be ordered by the CDP and posted to our website as they are acquired.

For the full release schedule, click here: Census Program Release Schedule

Income data products

The Census Profiles have also been updated with income data, providing a look at income trends down to the Census Tract and Dissemination Area level.

Accompanying reference materials

Geographic Resources

The software GeoSuite has been released with 2016 Census data. This is a useful tool for exploring the links between Census standard geographies and finding basic information and data on those areas.

GeoSearch is an interactive mapping application that makes it easy to find geographic areas in Canada for which census data are available. To find a specific place of interest, users can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or they can search by place name or postal code. Links to data products, analytical products and maps that are available for the selected area are listed below the map.

Additionally, you can view thematic maps showing 2011-2016 population change by Census Division, Census Subdivision and Census Tract or use the updated Focus on Geography series, which presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census through text, tables maps and figures. 

Statistics Canada Infographics


"This chart shows key results from the 2016 Census. In 2015, Canada's median household income was $70,336. The Northwest Territories had the highest median household income, while the Maritime Provinces and Quebec had the lowest." 
Source: Income in Canada, 2016 Census of Population


"This chart shows the real growth in median household total income for provinces, territories and metropolitan areas in Canada between 2005 and 2015. The horizontal axis measures the growth rate from -30% to +50%.

There is a vertical red line at 10.8% on the horizontal axis, representing the Canadian median household income growth rate.

The vertical axis consists of 13 rows, one for each province and territory, starting with Newfoundland and Labrador at the top of the chart, and ending with Nunavut as the bottom row.

On each row, there is a single red dot that provides the average change in median household total income for the province or region. There are also other circles on each row, and the centre point of each circle indicates the change in median income for a metropolitan area—specifically, a census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA). The size of each circle is proportional to the population of the CMA or CA, so larger CMAs and CAs show up as larger circles. Finally, the colour of the circle corresponds to the region (Atlantic, Quebec, Ontario, Prairies, and B.C. and North).

Overall, the chart conveys that below-average median income growth occurred in Ontario and all provinces east of Ontario, with the exception of Newfoundland and Labrador. Median income growth well above the average occurred in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, as well as Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. British Columbia shows median income growth slightly above the national average. For all provinces and territories, the CMAs and CAs tend to follow the provincial pattern." 
Source: Growth rate in median total income of households by province and metropolitan area, 2005 and 2015


"This chart shows the change in low-income incidence for Canadians of different ages between 2005 and 2015.

The horizontal axis marks the different ages, starting from age 0, up to age 95 and older.

The vertical axis shows the incidence of low income—that is, the proportion of Canadians who had low income. It varies between 0% and 25%. A result of 0% means no one had low income, while 25% means one-quarter of the population had low income.

There is a horizontal line on the chart labelled "Canada: 14.2." This is the incidence of low income in 2015 for Canada overall. It means the proportion of Canadians with low income was 14.2% in 2015.

Along the horizontal axis at each age value, there are two vertical bars in the chart. The first represents the incidence of low income in 2005 for that age, while the second bar indicates the incidence of low income in 2015 for the same age.

The chart shows that, relative to persons aged 25 to 55, the incidence of low income was higher for young children, youth, pre-retirees, and seniors aged 80 and older, in both 2005 and 2015. However, during the decade, the incidence declined for children aged 5 and younger, and rose for Canadians aged 65 and older." 
Source: Incidence of low income by single year of age, Canada, 2005 and 2015

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