Summer Review
Biotechnology, Central Europe, China, Climate, Defense, Digital, Eastern Europe, Economy, Energy, Europe, Germany, Inequality, Migration, Monetary Policy, Nuclear, Russia, Technology, US

Europe/China - The Old World and the Middle Kingdom: Europe Wakes Up to China’s Rise, Julianne Smith and Torrey Taussig, Foreign Affairs
Biotechnology/ChinaWeaponizing Biotech: How China’s Military Is Preparing for a ‘New Domain of Warfare’Elsa B. Kania and Wilson VornDick, Defense One
Biotechnology - Should the Rich be Allowed to Buy the Best Genes? Walter Isaacson, AirMail
Technology - Who Is Winning the AI Race: China, the EU or the United States? Daniel Castro, Michael McLaughlin, and Eline Chivot, Center for Data Innovation

Germany/Economy - Germany needs fiscal stimulus. Here’s how to do it, The Economist
Germany/Defense - Port or starboard? German Maritime Options in the Strait of Hormuz, Carlo Masala, Christian Mölling, Torben Schütz, DGAP

US/Europe/Defense - A Matter of Credibility: Conventional and Nuclear Security Commitments of the United States in Europe, Marco Overhaus, SWP
US/Europe/Defense - Europe alone: July 2024 What if America leaves NATO? The Economist
US/Defense - Can America Still Protect Its Allies? Michael O’Hanlon, Foreign Affairs
NuclearThe Return of Doomsday, Ernest J. Moniz and Sam Nunn, Foreign Affairs
DigitalAn Internet Freedom League, Richard A. Clarke and Rob Knake, Foreign Affairs
Digital - Cyber Deterrence is Overrated: Analysis of the Deterrent Potential of the New US Cyber Doctrine and Lessons for Germany’s “Active Cyber Defence”, Matthias Schulze, SWP

Digital - Inside Europe’s quest to build an unhackable quantum internet, Martin Giles, MIT Technology Review
Inequality - Inequality: A persisting challenge and its implications, McKinsey Global Institute
Europe - From Plaything to Player: How Europe Can Stand Up for Itself in the Next Five Years, Mark Leonard and Carl Bildt, ECFR
Climate - Climate Change and Land, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
RussiaRussian Strategic Intentions, US Department of Defense
Migration - Denied asylum, but not deported, migrants in Europe live in limbo, Chico Harlan, Washington Post
EnergyEuropean Energy Security and Transatlantic Cooperation:  A Current Assessment, Richard L. Morningstar, Andras Simonyi, Olga Khakova, Irina Markina, Atlantic Council
Central/Eastern Europe - The eastern summer, The Economist
US/Monetary PolicyChallenges for Monetary Policy, Remarks by Jerome H. Powell, Chair, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Book Shelf
Populism and Liberal Democracy, Takis S. Pappas, Oxford University Press, 2019

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