The feasibility and utility of using coded ambulance records for a violence surveillance system: A novel pilot study
The Australian Institute of Criminology has released a new paper on the use of ambulance records for a violence surveillance system.
- This research, undertaken through a Criminology Research Grant by researchers from Monash and Deakin universities, uses ambulance data from Victoria and Tasmania to examine patterns of intimate partner violence, other family violence and community violence. It also examines the co-occurrence of risk factors such as alcohol and other drug use (AOD) and mental health issues.
- Intimate partner violence victims were mostly female (84%) and most frequently aged 18-29 or 30-39. Thirty seven percent involved AOD. Multivariate analysis showed that female victims were less likely than male victims to have an attendance with a co-occurrence.
- Intimate partner violence aggressors frequently involved those aged over 60 years (26%), or 18-29 year olds (24%). Twenty eight percent had co-occurrence of violence and mental health symptoms.
- Other family violence victims were equally likely to be male (49%) as female (51%). Over a quarter (26.4) were aged 18-29 years.
- Other family violence aggressors were most likely to be aged under 18 (31.4%) or 18-29 (28.7%). Multivariate analysis found those aged 18-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years were more likely to have co-occurring issues.
- Community violence victims were more likely to be male (67%). Over a quarter (28%) were from the most disadvantaged socio-economic group.
- Community violence aggressors were also more likely to be male (62%) and from the most socio-economically deprived group (31%).
The paper is available for free download on the AIC website: https://aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/tandi595