Massachusetts IPM Berry Blast
March 29, 2016
WINTER MOTH UPDATE
Heather Faubert, URI Extension
All locations where winter moth eggs are being monitored have at least some blue eggs except eggs in Little Compton. All monitored eggs in Little Compton are still orange. Eggs turn blue about 2 days before hatching. I think it will be another week before eggs start turning blue in Little Compton.
In Kingston & Warwick, RI, Pawcatuck, CT, and Franklin, MA more than half of monitored eggs have turned blue and have been hatching. In Cumberland, RI and Hanson, MA eggs are a bit behind and just started turning blue over the weekend.
If you want to protect apples, pears or blueberries from winter moth caterpillars in any winter moth infested areas (other than Little Compton and other cool areas along the ocean) spray with an insecticide as soon as possible.
I think it is best to wait to spray landscape trees until leaves emerge.
From March 4th message about insecticides:
Winter moth caterpillars are pretty easy to kill, provided they are not inside closed buds. Insecticide choices for when caterpillars start to hatch for fruit growers include, but are not limited to, spinosad, Imidan, Sevin, Malathion and synthetic pyrethroids such as Asana. Spinosad products are Delegate, mostly for commercial growers, Entrust for organic growers, and Captain Jack’s Deadbug Brew is formulated for small-scale growing. Adding a dormant oil may be useful for the first spray of any of the listed insecticides.
Once buds are open, B.t. kurstaki products (Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki) such as DiPel and Biobit work well. For landscape trees, winter moth caterpillars can be controlled once trees leaf out with spinosad (Conserve), B.t. kurstaki (Dipel Pro, Javelin, and others), as well as synthetic pyrethroids such as bifenthrin. B.t. products are a good choice because they kill only caterpillars, but B.t. products break down in sunlight after 3-5 days so may need to be reapplied more frequently.
Other past messages can be seen at:
Archived IPM Berry Blasts are available at the UMass Extension Fruitadvisor website.
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