Massachusetts IPM Berry Blast
August 10, 2016
Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) trap captures have increase significantly in the last 2 weeks. Population numbers were suppressed in July, probably due to the drought conditions. Several rain events over the last 2 weeks have improved reproductive conditions for SWD and trap captures in the UMass trapping network and in surrounding states have gone up.
What does this mean?
While summer raspberry harvest is done and blueberry harvest is nearly done, fall (primocane) raspberry harvest is just beginning and fruit will require vigilant protection as SWD populations continue to increase.
Some things to consider
- cleaning out all spent fruiting canes (floricanes) from summer raspberries and raking out/tilling in any fallen fruit at the base of canes will remove this reproductive habitat for SWD
- raking beneath blueberry bushes and/or mowing between bushes and between rows to keep the area open and exposed to sunlight will also reduce the likelihood of SWD reproduction and population build-up; supporting long canes to allow sunlight penetration to the base of the bush is also recommended (see photo)
- keeping fall raspberry rows narrow at the base (18" ±) will also make for a less hospitable environment for SWD
- when spraying, be sure to rotate among IRAC groups to reduce the likelihood of developing a resistant SWD population (see here for link to UConn chart of recommended materials)
- consider rainfastness of materials if applied just prior to significant rainfall. See here for more information on this from Michigan State Univ. Consider reapplying if there's a risk of wash-off.
and from Dr. Carlos Garcia at Michigan State Univ. (Source: Small Fruit CAT Alert 8-9-2016
- Do not rely on the seven-day protection that some insecticides provide under spring temperatures. Short spray intervals may be required under current summer temperatures.
- Adjust the spray volume to compensate for evaporation and lose of spray volume due to high temperatures and low relative humidity. Use more than 25 gallons of water to increase the penetration of the insecticide into the bush.
- Try to spray at hours when the temperature is below 75 degrees like during the evening when temperatures are lower and the relative humidity is higher than during the day.
- Finally, if you need to harvest within the next 24 hours after the applications, do not expect a perfect SWD control of larvae in the fruit harvested. Most insecticides require more than 24 hours to kill the worms inside of the fruit. So give some time to the insecticide to do its work.
- harvesting frequently and thoroughly is still extremely key
- do not discard cull fruit in the field
- refrigerate harvested fruit asap
for more information or contact me at email@example.com
Archived IPM Berry Blasts are available at the UMass Extension Fruitadvisor website.
Where brand names for chemicals are used, it is for the reader's information. No endorsement is implied, nor is discrimination intended against products with similar ingredients. Please consult pesticide product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. The label is the law. Users of these products assume all associated risks.
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This work was supported in part by funding provided by USDA-NIFA Extension Implementation Program, Award No. 2014-70006-22579
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