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First lets understand the life cycle of the flea. There are only 4 stages of the life cycle of a flea.
Of the overall flea population, only apx 5% are adults. Flea eggs are pearly white, and are too small to see with out a magnifying glass. Fleas lay their eggs on dog/cat, but they don't stay there, instead they fall into the environment, preferring bedding, carpets and mats. Depending on the temperature, they hatch into larvae between 1-10 days later. Flea Larvae are slender, apx 2-5 mm in length, they feed on dead skin and the organic debris found in their environment. They avoid direct sunlight, and prefer to burrow into carpet fibers, or under organic debris (grass, leaves soil). It takes 5-11 days for them to pupate. Moisture is essential to the early stages of the flea life cycle. Larvae die by being dried out. The next stage, the mature larvae make a silk like cocoon to complete it's development. The cocoon is sticky, so quickly gets covered in debris from the environment allowing it to blend in. In warm, or humid climates, they become adults in 5-10 days. Pre-emerged adults fleas can survive up to 140 days inside the cocoon, during this time they are resistant to insecticides applied to the environment. Which is why in some cases a re-infestation can happen after proper treatment has been applied. Once hatched, the adult flea will immediately seek a host, it must have a blood meal within a few days or it will die. It's attracted to humans and pets by body heat, movement, and exhaled carbon monoxide. Following the first blood meal. a female will begin egg production with in 36-48 hours, and continue up to 100 days which can mean a single female flea can produce thousands of eggs!
There is many treatments available on the market to treat and kill before and after infestation of fleas, collars, powders, spray, drops, tablets, the list goes on, it can be confusing which is best for you and your pet.. Many on the market are mislabeled and unreliable. Some work great! Washing pet bedding regular, vacuuming carpets, and upholstered furniture help fight the battle against fleas. Some of the treatments for dogs are deadly to cats. For the best advice of what would work best for you and your pets come in and ask for some advice. We would be only too happy to help.