|There is a lot involved when we plan to bring a new pet into our homes. Vaccinations is a important stage of keeping them healthy, and protecting them against unnecessary pain and discomfort.
When does your puppy or kitten need to be vaccinated?
At 8 weeks of age puppies should receive their first vaccination; this is temporary and needs to be followed up with another one at 12 weeks and then their last vaccination at 16 weeks old. After the 3rd vaccination you can then take your puppy out in public areas.
Puppies - What do you need to vaccinate against?
Parvovirus â€“ a highly contagious viral gastroenteritis. Depression, loss of appetite, severe vomiting and diarrhoea containing blood are some of the symptoms. Death can occur very quickly.
Distemper â€“ a highly contagious disease producing symptoms such as conjunctivitis, nasal discharge, convulsive seizures and spinal cord damage. Treatment is often ineffective.
Hepatitis â€“ in puppies can cause sudden death, whilst adult dogs can experience, weakness, fever, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and bleeding.
Canine Cough â€“ a complex disease caused by bacterium and a virus. Affected dogs will have a hacking cough persisting for weeks. In puppies and old dogs the disease can be devastating.
Kittens - What do you need to vaccinate against?
Feline Leukaemia Virus â€“ by attacking the immune system this virus makes cats more susceptible to infection and illness as well as prone to developing certain cancers. Symptoms are non-specific including weight loss, lethargy, and poor health. A blood test can detect if a cat is infected, however there is no treatment for this fatal virus.
Feline Enteritis â€“ Onset of this disease is very rapid and can often be fatal. Symptoms include high temperature, loss of appetite, depression, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Chlamydophila - also known as Chlamydia, primarily causes conjunctivitis in young kittens aged 5-9 months.
Feline Respiratory Disease â€“ also known as the 'cat flu', causes sneezing, coughing, eye and nose discharge, loss of appetite and sometimes ulcers on the tongue. This can lead to severe dehydration and debilitation which can be fatal. Some strains of cat flu can affect your kitten for life once contracted.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) â€“ This blood-borne viral infection causes Feline AIDS which is commonly fatal. Vaccination is available, if your cat is considered to be at risk. The virus interferes with the immune system, and initial symptoms such as fever, sores, lesions and diarrhoea progress to severe chronic infections as the immune system is overcome. There is no treatment or cure for the virus itself.
For Both Cats and Dogs:
Heartworm â€“ Heartworms are passed via a mosquito bite to your pet. A pet effected by heartworm will have a infestation of long thin worms (up to 30cm long) lodged in the heart and vessels that feed on surrounding blood. Monthly and Annual treatment is available for the prevention of heartworm. Untreated, heartworm can can cause death in your pet.
Worming â€“ Most common worms in Australian pets are roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, and tapeworm, and they can cause loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and in severe cases even death. Speak to our vets for the best treatment for your pets.