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Research and Scientific Collections- Issue 2, February 2014

About the Research and Scientific Collections Community
Call for Contributions

Each Newsletter will have a specific section in which subscribers to the newsletter can share their ideas and projects related to audiovisual preservation of the Research and Scientific Collections Community.

This time a contribution from Professor Pier Marco Bertinetto from Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa about their GRA.FO project that is an important example of digital preservation.

 
A New Life for Tuscan Oral Archives - Oral Archives as Sources of Language Diversity
Voice recordings are part of the world cultural heritage, and need safeguarding against the obsolescence of the recording systems and their carriers.

The “Grammo-foni. Le soffitte della voce” (GRA.FO) project aims at discovering and collecting a large number of linguistically and ethnologically relevant oral documents recorded in Tuscany. Each document is digitised, catalogued, transcribed and made available online by the Linguistics Laboratory of Scuola Normale Superiore which is also member of the Research and Scientific Collections Core expert group.

GRA.FO’s  goals in 7 points:
  1. Providing new life to otherwise silent voices;
  2. Fostering the collaboration among researchers, often forced to collect new speech data simply because the already existing one is inaccessible or unknown;
  3. Strengthening the idea of public, accessible research, with results that must be open to verification by the national and international scientific community;
  4. Offering a vast quantity of diverse oral documents, collected in different ways, times, and locations;
  5. Elaborating reliable procedures to describe, catalogue, and analyse oral materials;
  6. Developing standards to collect, catalogue, and publish oral documents;
  7. Providing new ways to study the diachronic evolution of Tuscan speech.
GRA.FO is both a source of inspiration and a test scenario for audiovisual digital preservation technologies and best practice.
Past events
From the Paris Workshop

At the “Digital Audiovisual Preservation in Communities of Practice: Learn, Collaborate and Share” workshop that took place in Paris, December 2013, Fabrizio Falchi presented the Research and Scientific Collections Community of Practice. This presentation highlighted current problems and issues including an analysis of weak and strong needs regarding preservation and access; how interaction and collaboration can develop innovative solutions. Both the video recording and presentation can be viewed online

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Presto4U Events
Webinar: Expressing preservation requirements on audiovisual collections
You are invited to join the free webinar "Expressing Preservation Requirements on Audiovisual Collections", taking place on March 11, 2014.

This webinar is an introduction to expressing digital preservation requirements in the context of audiovisual collections, with a special emphasis on the approach followed by the Presto4U project. It will start with basics on what requirements are, how they are created and which purposes they serve. The webinar will then discuss how standards can play a key role in the expression of requirements for digital preservation and will exemplify the concept by showing how to use three standards: the OAIS Reference Model, the Ontology for Media Resources and the ISO/IEC 25010 System and Software Quality Requirements and Evaluation SQuaRE – System and Software Quality.

More information and registration

 
Featured Blog
Audiovisual Content and Research Preservation
By: Fabrizio Falchi - CNR-ISTI
 
In 1872, Edweard Muybridge was called on by Leland Stanford (later the founder of Stanford University) to prove, using newest photographic technologies, whether a galloping horse lifts all four hooves off the ground at one point in its sequence of motion. By 1878 Muybridge was photographing horses in motion using batteries of cameras. The results were a technical and conceptual breakthrough. The photos were published as a series of cabined cards entitled “The Horse in Motion”. Read sequentially they evoke a comic-strip description of action taking place.

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Library Highlight
Preservation and Curation in Institutional Repositories
A report on the state of the art of preservation and curation in an institutional repository context, noting areas of recent and current research and development. The document gives an overview into some of the most relevant repository models and architectures providing examples of preservation planning tools including technologies for metadata extraction and emulation. It should be of interest principally to institutional repository managers and others concerned with the strategic planning for these services. The report was published by the Digital Curation Centre in 2010.

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Upcoming Events
February 25: Webinar: The role of standards for the preservation of audiovisual material -  The webinar is an introduction to standards in the context of audiovisual preservation. It will start with basics on what standards are, how they are created and which purposes they serve. The webinar will discuss the potential benefits of using standards in audiovisual preservation as well as the additional efforts that may be needed. Moreover it will spot some potential barriers to the adoption of standards and new technologies. There will be a brief overview on the wide range of standards that can be useful in the context of audiovisual preservation. Some more details will be given on recent work in MPEG on the Multimedia Preservation Application Format (MPAF).

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The Presto4U project receives funding from the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The project will run from 1 January 2013 till 31 December 2014

PrestoCentre Foundation is a non-profit organisation registered under KvK54274427