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COPE Digest
NOVEMBER 2018, Vol 6
Issue 11: Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

 

Welcome to the November issue of COPE Digest.

My initial introduction to COPE many years ago occurred when, as an editor of a peer reviewed journal, a reviewer called to my attention a blatant example of fabrication in a manuscript in which years and volumes of references had been altered to make them more current. I contacted COPE, presented the case at a Forum, and received excellent advice and consultation. This ultimately resulted in numerous retractions of manuscripts published by this researcher, across three journals. A university office of research integrity became involved since the published papers involved falsified research results in government funded studies.

A time consuming, difficult process, I learned much about post publication discussion and questions, the topic of this month’s COPE Digest...

READ MORE >

COPE Co-Chair Geri Pearson
Case of the Month

REQUEST BY ORGANISATION TO RETRACT ARTICLE AND PUBLISH EXPRESSION OF CONCERN


A group of unspecified members of an organisation wrote an expression of concern (letter via email) to the editors, wherein they requested that an article previously published in the journal be retracted since they believed it was biased and inaccurate about regulation details within the organisation. They further requested that their letter be published in the journal. The editors of the journal are unsure how best to proceed with this request as they believe the article should not be retracted 

DISCUSSION AND ADVICE FROM THE FORUM
 
Cope's Core Practices
CORE PRACTICE #10:
POST-PUBLICATION DISCUSSIONS AND CORRECTIONS
“Journals must allow debate post publication either on their site, through letters to the editor, or on an external moderated site, such as PubPeer. They must have mechanisms for correcting, revising or retracting articles after publication.”

Read the full article to understand what this means for your journal, with links to resources, cases, guidelines on retractions and discussion on expressions of concern.

READ MORE

Research data: Institutions are key to management and post-publication concerns


Susan Garfinkel, Ph.D. Assistant Vice President for Research Compliance, The Ohio State University

Researchers know that an accurate and detailed record is an essential part of their research project. But when problems arise with respect to collecting, maintaining, or storing research data, many researchers cannot tell you what to do or who to contact. Proper data management is particularly important if the credibility of research results are questioned and journal editors become involved in correcting the research record.   

READ MORE >  
 

A research integrity issue: Who are you going to call?


Lauran Qualkenbush, President of ARIO and Director, Office for Research Integrity, Northwestern University

Correcting the published scientific record in cases of research misconduct can be tricky to say the least. One thing that shouldn’t be so tricky is identifying the right person to contact at the involved institutions. The recently incorporated Association of Research Integrity Officers (ARIO) in the United States is working to ensure that finding the right institutional contact is the easy part of this often challenging process of dealing with potential research misconduct or research integrity concerns.

READ MORE >  
 
Guidance

NEW: What to do if you suspect image manipulation in a published article 

A reader expresses suspicion of image manipulation and you're not sure what to do next.
This flowchart is a step by step guide, with links to useful tools.


FLOWCHART > 

UPDATE: How to recognise potential authorship problems

What signs might indicate authorship problems? This infographic gives us the answer, together with best practice to minimise authorship problems.

NEW INFOGRAPHIC > 

NEW: What to do if you suspect systematic manipulation of the publication process


When you see an individual or group repeatedly using dishonest or fraudulent practices what should you do? With a definition of systematic manipulation, these two flowcharts will guide you if you suspect manipulation either before or after publication.

FLOWCHART > 
In the News
COPE Council members have gathered news this month on various topics with a keen eye on Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections, our Core Practice of the month. 

READ ALL NEWS >  
Analysis of the Retraction Watch database of 18,000 articles and conference papers which have been retracted since the 1970s.

READ MORE >  
The Chinese government has proposed a blacklist of journals to deter researchers from misconduct. It has not released its selection criteria as yet. 

READ MORE >  
Vlaeminck and Podkrajac examine whether economics journals enforce their data policies. Their analysis of papers published in 2013 and 2014 found that not many did at that point.

READ MORE >  
READ ALL NEWS >  

Welcome New COPE Council Members


We are pleased to welcome four new members to COPE Council: Laura Wilson, Dr Daoxin Yin, Tim Devinney and Gavin Swanson. We are also delighted that Adrian Ziderman is to continue as a Council member for a second term. Read more about our new Council members on the COPE website.

NEW COUNCIL MEMBERS >  
SEMINAR: PHILADELPHIA, USA
3 MAY 2019

Save the date!

More details to follow soon.
#C0PE2019
Other Events
European Policy Centre, PRO-RES Discussion
13 November 2018

BRUSSELS, BELGIUM
COPE Council member Mirjam Curno has been invited to participate in the discussion "Developing an ethical framework for non-medical sciences". This is the first discussion within the framework of the PRO-RES project.

MORE INFORMATION >  
ISMPP European Meeting
22-23 January 2019

LONDON, UK
ISMPP are offering 10% discount for COPE members. The theme is "Scientific Communications in a Fast-Paced World: Fighting Fit for the Future".

MORE INFORMATION >  
WCRI 2019 Conference
2-5 June 2019

HONG KONG
COPE is delighted to contribute to the programme of the 6th World Conference on Research Integrity, "New Challenges for Research Integrity".

MORE INFORMATION >  
Meeting Reports

Mediterranean Editors and Translators Meeting 2018


COPE Council member Iria del Rio shares her experience of the #METM18 conference where she delivered the keynote speech 'Credit and merit: toward a transparent, ethical publishing culture' and presented a COPE workshop, delving into COPE cases. Read Iria's blog post.

READ MORE >

COPE Digest Editors:

Deborah Kahn, Publishing Director, Taylor & Francis Nancy C Chescheir, MD, Editor-in-Chief, Obstetrics and Gynecology
COPE - Promoting Integrity in Research and it's Publication
facebook.com/publicationethics
@C0PE
LinkedIn
Publicationethics.org
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