Volume 3, Issue 9
MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR
The Department of Surgery held its Annual Faculty Development Day Friday May 23, 2014, at the Doubletree by Hilton Hotel. Over 30 faculty members attended the day’s activities, and I am pleased to report that the day was a complete success. Karen Leslie, Director Centre for Faculty Development, and Latika Nirula, Director, Teaching Excellence and Innovation at CAMH, started the day with an active learning session in which techniques for improving teaching methods were provided. Mara Goldstein, from the Department of Psychiatry at St Michael’s Hospital, spoke on gender and cultural sensitivities. Derek Puddester, Medical Director of Behavioural Neurosciences at Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, spoke on conflict resolution, and presented five easy steps to resolve conflicts in the medical workplace. Shady Ashamalla and Jeremy Hall delivered presentations on teaching clerks in the clinic and the operating room, respectively. Nikki Woods, Director of Evaluations in the Department of Surgery, provided examples of the top 20 positive and negative comments that accompany teaching effectiveness scores. Fuad Moussa spoke on “The learner in difficult”. And Paul Greig provided an overview of methods that can be used to instruct medical students, residents and fellows in the operating room. As Faculty Development is one of the main pillars of our Strategic Plan, I was very pleased to attend the event, and to see the wide array of educational offerings for our Faculty. I would like to provide special thanks to David Latter, Ron Levine, George Christakis, and Terry Axelrod, our Educational Executive, for organizing such an outstanding program for our Faculty. I am pleased that Faculty Development Day is now mandated for all new recruits to the Department of Surgery. In the future, we are discussing ways in which we can involve even more members of our Faculty. I have been in discussion with other Department Chairs, and there may be value in combining or at least hosting Faculty Development Days across the city on the same day. Stay tuned for further information about this.
James T. Rutka, MD, PhD, FRCSC
RS McLaughlin Chair
Department of Surgery University Rounds
1st Annual Canadian Burn Symposium
Friday, May 9, 2014
Gordon Murray Lecturer
Dr. Geoffrey Gurtner
Professor and Associate Chairman of Surgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
“The Art of the Practical: Translating Scientific Discovery into the Real World”
Gallie Day Award Recipients:
Tovee Postgraduate Prize, Oleg Safir
Tovee Undergraduate Prize, Darlene Fenech
Surgical Skills Centre Distinguished Educator Award, George Oreopoulos
B. Langer Surgeon-Scientist Award, Gelareh Zadeh
Charles Tator Surgeon Scientist Mentorship Award, Avery Nathens
George Armstrong Peters Prize, Greg Borschel
Lister Prize, Laurence Klotz
D.R. Wilson Award, Justin Lee
Zane Cohen Clinical Fellowship Achievement Award, Niloofar Dehghan
Shafie Fazel Award, Aria Fallah
Educational Achievement Award Winners
Ron Levine (L), Oleg Safir (R)
Subodh Verma and Samuel Siu published their work on the management of aortic dilatation in patients with bicuspid aortic valves in the New England Journal of Medicine. The full reference is found at: N Engl J Med. 2014; 370:1920-9. Congratulations Subodh!
Celebrating the Dan Neurosurgery Fellows!
A great evening celebrating the second annual Michael and Amira Dan Neurosurgery Fellowships. Dr. Menno Germans, from the Netherlands, has had a great year here in Toronto and is completing his fellowship at St Mike’s with Dr. Loch Macdonald. Dr. Amancio Guerrero Maldonado is soon heading home to Mexico after completing his fellowship at UHN with Drs. Michael Tymianski and Ivan Radovanovic. Congratulations to both – we wish you much success in the future! From left to right: front row: Amira Dan, Michael Dan, Marie Slegr. Back row: Darina Landa, Menno Germans, Jim Rutka, Mari Rutka, Amancio Guerrero Maldonado, Andres Lozano.
Michael Fehlings to lead study for AOSpine North America
AOSpine North America received a research grant from The Rick Hansen Institute to develop a set of MRI based biomarkers in patients with acute spinal cord injury.
Michael Fehlings hosted a Research Town Hall Meeting of scientists, surgeon investigators, surgeon scientists, surgeon scientist trainees and key stakeholders on April 1st at the Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning. Over 50 attendees learned about key issues related to research and training in the Department of Surgery. Overall, it was noteworthy, that the faculty had a high degree of engagement in research and felt proud to work at the University of Toronto. As noted by all researchers, recent changes at CIHR have made it more of a challenge to successfully receive funding for grants submitted. Some next steps arising from the Town Hall meeting included:
a) A focused effort to advance fund raising for research in the Department of Surgery with the assistance of the UofT Advancement office.
b) Meetings with surgeon scientist trainees and junior residents considering research as career options in the next several months.
c) A comprehensive synopsis of research activities by surgeon scientists, surgeon investigators and scientists in the Department of Surgery.
d) A retreat to discuss research directions and priorities in the Department of Surgery in early 2015.
Steve McCabe (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery) was featured in an article in Saturday’s Toronto Star entitled “Need a hand?” It spotlights the Toronto Western Hand and Upper Extremity Unit in its mission to develop and perform Canada’s first upper limb transplant. Dr. Ron Zuker and the pediatric program are also featured. Article
John Semple (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery) received funding for his CIHR application, entitled "Replacing ambulatory clinic follow-up with remote home monitoring using smartphones in breast reconstruction patients: Is it cost-effective?", submitted to the Catalyst Grant: e-Health Innovations: Supporting More Efficient Population and Individualized Healthcare program.
Toni Zhong (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery) recently had her manuscript “Barriers to immediate breast reconstruction in the Canadian universal healthcare system” selected for publication on a Rapid Communications basis in the journal of Clinical Oncology.
Continuing Appointment Review (CAR)
The following Continuing Appointment Review (CAR) took place in May under the leadership of Ori Rotstein, Associate Chair, Department of Surgery.
Bernard Lawless joined the Division of General Surgery at St. Michael’s Hospital as an Assistant Professor in May 2009. He received his MD and general surgery training from the University of Western Ontario. He did fellowships in trauma at UBC, UWO, and the University of Cape Town. Dr. Lawless then went on to get his MHSc, Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. He worked as a Clinical Associate at St. Michael’s prior to his faculty appointment. He currently practices general surgery and traumatology at St. Michael’s and critical care medicine at Toronto East General Hospital. From left to right: N. Baxter, B. Lawless, O. Rotstein, A. Kapus.
May 8 - Jim Rutka received an Honourary Degree, PhD, Friday, May 2 from the Faculty of Medicine, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey
May 22 - Read how shorter shifts for surgical interns may not benefit patients - http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/shorter-shifts-for-surgical-interns-may-not-benefit-patients-1.2649491
May 16 - Professor GC Gurtner, Stanford U, Gallie Day, Friday, May 9, 2014 pic.twitter.com/Vsb33aYieo
May 14 - Zane Cohen Clinical Fellowship Achievement Award won by Niloofar Dehghan and the Shafie Fazel Award by Aria Fallah. Well done!
May 14 - Justin Lee is the 2014 recipient of the D.R. Wilson Award.
May 14 - Gregory Borschel, George-Armstrong Peters Prize; Avery Nathens, Charles Tator Award; and Laurence Klotz, Lister Prize!! Congrats!!
May 14 - Congratulations Gelareh Zadeh on receiving the B.Langer Surgeon-Scientist Award!
May 14 - George Oreopoulos is the recipient of the Surgical Skills Centre Distinguished Educator Award.
May 14 - Congratulations to Darlene Fenech on receiving the Tovee Undergraduate Prize!
May 14 - Congratulations to Oleg Safir on winning the Tovee Postgraduate Prize!
HONOURS AND AWARDS
Bernard Langer (Professor Emeritus) received an Honourary Degree from Queen’s University, May 22, 2014
Sunit Das (Neurosurgery) has received a 2 year American College of Surgeons Faculty Research Fellowship for his project “Elucidating the Role of Vascular Mimicry in Glioblastoma”. These highly competitive fellowships are offered to surgeons who are embarking on their career.
Teodor Grantcharov (General Surgery) is the recipient of the Jameel Ali Award in Continuing Education. This award is presented to a SMH surgeon who has contributed to continuing education through participation, development and dissemination of knowledge in programs locally, nationally and internationally.
Jeremy Hall (Orthopaedics) is the recipient of the Donald J. Currie Undergraduate Teaching Award which recognizes an individual from SMH who displays excellence in UG education.
Laurence Klotz (Urology) was awarded the Society of Urologic Oncology Medal at their annual meeting in May. This medal is given to a surgeon who has made significant contributions to the field.
Alan Lossing (Vascular Surgery) is the recipient of the Squires-Hyland Trust James Waddell Mentoring Award at St. Michael’s Hospital. This award is presented to a SMH surgeon who has demonstrated excellence in mentoring fellow faculty.
James Rutka (Neurosurgery) received an Honourary Degree, PhD, from the Faculty of Medicine, Bahcesehir University in Istanbul, Turkey on May 2, 2014.
Emil Schemitsch (Orthopaedics) is the recipient of the William Horsey Post-Graduate Teaching Award at St. Michael’s Hospital. This award recognizes an individual who displays excellence in postgraduate education.
John Trachtenberg (Urology) has been honoured with a Doctor of Science, honoris causa by the University of Guelph in recognition of his leadership and contributions to the treatment of prostate cancer.
Alotaibi NM, Mansouri A, Staudt MD, Carvalho FG, Gentili F. Painless skull mass in a 70-year-old man. C. Lymphoma. J Clin Neurosci. 2014 Apr;21(4):656, 708.
HIGH IMPACT PAPERS HOT OFF THE PRESS
Alshanawani B, Alarfaj N, Alshomer F, Mamdani M, Gomes T, Mahoney J. Breast reduction surgery in Ontario: Changes in practice, 1992 to 2008. Can J Plast Surg. 2013 Spring;21(1):41-4.
Asbridge M, Mann R, Cusimano MD, Trayling C, Roerecke M, Tallon JM, Whipp A, Rehm J. Cannabis and traffic collision risk: findings from a case-crossover study of injured drivers presenting to emergency departments. Int J Public Health. 2014 Apr;59(2):395-404.
Baltzer HL, Alonzo-Proulx O, Mainprize JG, Yaffe MJ, Metcalfe KA, Narod SA, Warner E, Semple JL. MRI volumetric analysis of breast fibroglandular tissue to assess risk of the spared nipple in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 May;21(5):1583-8.
Braga LH, Pemberton J, Heaman J, Demaria J, Lorenzo AJ. Pilot randomized, placebo controlled trial to investigate the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis on the rate of urinary tract infection in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis. J Urol. 2014 May;191(5 Suppl):1501-7. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.10.033. Epub 2014 Mar 26.
Bramall A, Djimbaye H, Tolessa C, Biluts H, Abebe M, Bernstein M. Attitudes towards neurosurgery in a low income country: a qualitative study. World Neurosurg. 2014 May 14. pii: S1878-8750(14)00474-4. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2014.05.015. [Epub ahead of print]
Brathwaite S, Macdonald RL. Current management of delayed cerebral ischemia: update from results of recent clinical trials. Transl Stroke Res. 2014 Apr;5(2):207-26.
Campbell VT, Nadesan P, Ali SA, Wang CY, Whetstone H, Poon R, Wei Q, Keilty J, Proctor J, Wang LW, Apte SS, McGovern K, Alman BA, Wunder JS. Hedgehog Pathway Inhibition in Chondrosarcoma Using the Smoothened Inhibitor IPI-926 Directly Inhibits Sarcoma Cell Growth. Mol Cancer Ther. 2014 May;13(5):1259-69.
Constantine FC, Ahmad J, Geissler P, Rohrich RJ. Simplifying the management of caudal septal deviation in rhinoplasty. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Epub 2014 Feb 24.
Crawford ED, Shore ND, Moul JW, Tombal B, Schröder FH, Miller K, Boccon-Gibod L, Malmberg A, Olesen TK, Persson BE, Klotz L. Long-term Tolerability and Efficacy of Degarelix: 5-Year Results From a Phase III Extension Trial With a 1-Arm Crossover From Leuprolide to Degarelix. Urology. 2014 May;83(5):1122-8.
Di Ieva A, Butz H, Niamah M, Rotondo F, De Rosa S, Sav A, Yousef GM, Kovacs K, Cusimano MD. MicroRNAs as Biomarkers in Pituitary Tumors. Neurosurgery. 2014 May 8. [Epub ahead of print]
Di Ieva A, Rotondo F, Syro LV, Cusimano MD, Kovacs K. Aggressive pituitary adenomas-diagnosis and emerging treatments. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2014 May 13. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2014.64. [Epub ahead of print]
Drabovich AP, Saraon P, Jarvi K, Diamandis EP. Seminal plasma as a diagnostic fluid for male reproductive system disorders. Nat Rev Urol. 2014 May;11(5):278-88.
Dyck BA, Zywiel MG, Mahomed A, Gandhi R, Perruccio AV, Mahomed NN. Associations between patient expectations of joint arthroplasty surgery and pre- and post-operative clinical status. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2014 May 3. [Epub ahead of print]
Elnahas A, Urbach D, Okrainec A, Quereshy F, Jackson TD. Is next-day discharge following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass safe in select patients? Analysis of short-term outcomes. Surg Endosc. 2014 May 2. [Epub ahead of print]
Eisa-Beygi S, Wen XY, Macdonald RL. A Call for Rigorous Study of Statins in Resolution of Cerebral Cavernous Malformation Pathology.
Stroke. 2014 May 6. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.
Fnais N, Gomes T, Mahoney J, Alissa S, Mamdani M. Temporal trend of carpal tunnel release surgery: a population-based time series analysis. PLoS One. 2014 May 14;9(5):e97499. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097499.
Goldstein SD, Papandria D, Linden A, Azzie G, Borgstein E and 11 others. A pilot comparison of standardized online surgical curricula for use in low- and middle-income countries. JAMA Surg. Published online February 12, 2014. Doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2013.4830.
Herschorn S, Kaplan SA, Sun F, Ntanios F. Do patient characteristics predict responsiveness to treatment of overactive bladder with antimuscarinic agents? Urology. 2014 May;83(5):1023-9. doi:10.1016/j.urology.2013.12.027. Epub 2014 Feb 26.
Hovestadt V, Jones DT, Picelli S, Wang W, Kool M, Northcott PA, Sultan M, Stachurski K, Ryzhova M, Warnatz HJ, Ralser M, Brun S, Bunt J, Jäger N, Kleinheinz K, Erkek S, Weber UD, Bartholomae CC, von Kalle C, Lawerenz C, Eils J, Koster J, Versteeg R, Milde T, Witt O, Schmidt S, Wolf S, Pietsch T, Rutkowski S, Scheurlen W, Taylor MD, Brors B, Felsberg J, Reifenberger G, Borkhardt A, Lehrach H, Wechsler-Reya RJ, Eils R, Yaspo ML, Landgraf P, Korshunov A, Zapatka M, Radlwimmer B, Pfister SM, Lichter P. Decoding the regulatory landscape of medulloblastoma using DNA methylation sequencing. Nature. 2014 May 18. doi: 10.1038/nature13268. [Epub ahead of print]
Jalali S, Chung C, Foltz W, Burrell K, Singh S, Hill R, Zadeh G. MRI biomarkers identify the differential response of glioblastoma multiforme to anti-angiogenic therapy. Neuro Oncol. 2014 Apr 23.
Juraschka K, Khan OH, Godoy BL, Monsalves E, Kilian A, Krischek B, Ghare A, Vescan A, Gentili F, Zadeh G. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach to large and giant pituitary adenomas: institutional experience and predictors of extent of resection. J Neurosurg. 2014 May 2. [Epub ahead of print]
Klotz L, Emberton M. Management of low risk prostate cancer-active surveillance and focal therapy. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2014 May 13. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2014.73. [Epub ahead of print]
Knox AD, Gilardino MS, Kasten SJ, Warren RJ, Anastakis DJ. Competency-based medical education for plastic surgery: where do we begin? Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 May;133(5):702e-10e. doi:10.1097/PRS.0000000000000082.
Lipsman N, Mainprize TG, Schwartz ML, Hynynen K, Lozano AM. Intracranial Applications of Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound. Neurotherapeutics. 2014 May 22. [Epub ahead of print]
Macdonald RL. Are statins to be STASHed in subarachnoid haemorrhage? Lancet Neurol. 2014 May 15. pii: S1474-4422(14)70095-X. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(14)70095-X. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.
Moktar J, Popkin CA, Howard A, Murnaghan ML. Development of a cast application simulator and evaluation of objective measures of performance. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 May 7;96(9):e76. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.01266.
Monsalves E, Larjani S, Loyola Godoy B, Juraschka K, Carvalho F, Kucharczyk W, Kulkarni A, Mete O, Gentili F, Ezzat S, Zadeh G. Growth patterns of pituitary adenomas and histopathological correlates. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Apr;99(4):1330-8.
Mutabdzic D, Bedada AG, Bakanisi B, Motsumi J, Azzie G. Designing a contextually appropriate surgical training program in low-resource settings; The Botswana experience. World J Surg. Published online: 01 August 2012; Doi 10.1007/s00268-012-1731-9.
Nakajima T, Anayama T, Matsuda Y, Hwang DM, McVeigh PZ, Wilson BC, Zheng G, Keshavjee S, Yasufuku K. Orthotopic lung cancer murine model by nonoperative transbronchial approach. Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 May;97(5):1771-5. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.01.048.
Nascimento FA, Faghfoury H, Krings T, Ali A, Fridhandler JD, Lozano A, Wennberg R, Andrade DM. Deep brain stimulation for the management of seizures in MECP2 duplication syndrome. Seizure. 2014 May;23(5):405-7. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2014.01.021. Epub 2014 Feb 2. No abstract available.
Neschadim A, Pritzker LB, Pritzker KP, Branch DR, Summerlee AJ, Trachtenberg J, Silvertown JD. Relaxin receptor antagonist AT-001 synergizes with docetaxel in androgen-independent prostate xenografts. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2014 May 8;21(3):459-71.
Perreault S, Ramaswamy V, Achrol AS, Chao K, Liu TT, Shih D, Remke M, Schubert S, Bouffet E, Fisher PG, Partap S, Vogel H, Taylor MD, Cho YJ, Yeom KW. MRI Surrogates for Molecular Subgroups of Medulloblastoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 May 15. [Epub ahead of print]
Quraan MA, Protzner AB, Daskalakis ZJ, Giacobbe P, Tang CW, Kennedy SH,Lozano AM, McAndrews MP. EEG power asymmetry and functional connectivity as a marker of treatment effectiveness in DBS surgery for depression. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014 Apr;39(5):1270-81.
Samplaski MK, Yu C, Kattan MW, Lo KC, Grober ED, Zini A, Lau S, Jarvi KA. Nomograms for predicting changes in semen parameters in infertile men after varicocele repair. Fertil Steril. 2014 May 10. pii: S0015-0282(14)00301-X. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.03.046. [Epub ahead of print]
Sharma B, Cusimano MD. Can legislation aimed at preventing sports-related concussions in youth succeed? Inj Prev. 2014 Apr;20(2):138-41.
Skeldon SC, Gani J, Radomski SB. Do Patients Know Their Nerve-sparing Status After Radical Prostatectomy? Urology. 2014 May;83(5):1099-103.
Skeldon SC, Simmons A, Hersey K, Finelli A, Jewett MA, Zlotta AR, Fleshner NE. Lean Methodology Improves Efficiency in Outpatient Academic Uro-oncology Clinics. Urology. 2014 May;83(5):992-8.
Soubeyrand M, Badner A, Vawda R, Chung YS, Fehlings M. Very High Resolution Ultrasound Imaging for Real-Time Quantitative Visualisation of Vascular Disruption After Spinal Cord Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2014 May 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Strickland M, Rosenfield D, Fecteau A. Magnetic Foreign Body Injuries: A Large Pediatric Hospital Experience. J Pediatr. 2014 May 13. pii: S0022-3476(14)00324-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.04.002. [Epub ahead of print]
Tso MK, Macdonald RL. Subarachnoid hemorrhage: a review of experimental studies on the microcirculation and the neurovascular unit. Transl Stroke Res. 2014 Apr;5(2):174-89.
Tetreault LA, Nouri A, Singh A, Fawcett M, Fehlings MG. Predictors of outcome in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy undergoing surgical treatment: A survey of members from AOSpine International. World Neurosurg. 2014 March-April;81(3-4):623-633.
Tzekou A, Fehlings MG. Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury with Intravenous Immunoglobulin G: Preliminary Evidence and Future Perspectives. J Clin Immunol. 2014 Apr 11.
Verma S, Siu SC. Aortic dilatation in patient with bicuspid aortic valve. N Engl J Med. 2014; 370:1920-9.
Vuong B, Lee AM, Luk TW, Sun C, Lam S, Lane P, Yang VY. High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part IV): split spectrum processing in rotary catheter probes. Opt Express. 2014 Apr 7;22(7):7399-415.
Webster F, Fehlings MG, Rice K, Malempati H, Fawaz K, Nicholls F, Baldeo N, Reeves S, Singh A, Ahn H, Ginsberg H, Yee AJ. Improving access to emergent spinal care through knowledge translation: an ethnographic study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Apr 14;14(1):169.
Woodley-Cook J, Bharatha A, Spears J. Simultaneous discovery of bifrontal meningiomas and a glioblastoma multiforme. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Apr 17;2014.
Wu G, Diaz AK, Paugh BS, Rankin SL, Ju B, Li Y, Zhu X, Qu C, Chen X, Zhang J, Easton J, Edmonson M, Ma X, Lu C, Nagahawatte P, Hedlund E, Rusch M, Pounds S, Lin T, Onar-Thomas A, Huether R, Kriwacki R, Parker M, Gupta P, Becksfort J, Wei L, Mulder HL, Boggs K, Vadodaria B, Yergeau D, Russell JC, Ochoa K, Fulton RS, Fulton LL, Jones C, Boop FA, Broniscer A, Wetmore C, Gajjar A, Ding L, Mardis ER, Wilson RK, Taylor MR, Downing JR, Ellison DW, Zhang J, Baker SJ; the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital–Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project. The genomic landscape of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma and pediatric non-brainstem high-grade glioma. Nat Genet. 2014 Apr 6.
Wu Y, Satkunendrarajah K, Fehlings MG. Riluzole improves outcome following ischemia-reperfusion injury to the spinal cord by preventing delayed paraplegia. Neuroscience. 2014 Apr 18;265:302-12.
Zareba P, Lorenzo AJ, Braga LH. Risk factors for febrile urinary tract infection in infants with prenatal hydronephrosis: comprehensive single center analysis. J Urol. 2014 May;191(5 Suppl):1614-9. doi: 10.1016/j.
Zhu J, Kotani Y, Chetan D, Zhao L, Coles JG, Caldarone CA, Van Arsdell GS, Honjo O. Is restrictive atrial septal defect a risk in partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage repair? Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 May;97(5):1664-70. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.01.051. Epub 2014 Mar 20.
Have a new high impact paper in press or published? Let us know at email@example.com
For further information on divisional events, please go to the Surgery Bulletin Board http://surgery.utoronto.ca/news/bulletin-board.htm