As surgical educators, one of our most important tasks is to ensure that the graduates from our training programs are ready to meet the challenges and demands of a career in surgery.  We had always taken great pride in believing that our graduates from the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto were a cut above the graduates from other training programs, and that our trainees were “practice ready” upon completion of their residencies.  Interestingly, there has been a tremendous evolution in the surgical specialties over the past decade in Canada characterized by increasingly complex surgical cases, the advent of sophisticated intra-operative  technologies, and a clearly identified and articulated specialist underemployment phenomenon(1) such that nowadays virtually all of our graduating residents are pursuing additional years of training as fellows to be fully prepared to practice as independent surgeons.  This is why I was very interested to read the article in the New York Times by Pauline Chen(2) from December 12, 2013 entitled “Are today’s new surgeons prepared?”.  In the article Chen refers to a report published in the Annals of Surgery which describes the inadequate preparation of graduating US surgical residents entering fellowships(3).  In this report, fewer than half of the surgeons were evaluated to operate or to make accurate clinical decisions on their own; and one third were unable to perform a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  While the reasons for the potential decline in competency of surgical residents at the time of graduation is most likely multifactorial, at least one of the factors identified by this report was a reduction of time spent in the operating room during residency, and a loss of approximately 1 year of operative training because of the restrictions in resident duty hours in the US.  It is clear that surgical thought leaders do not wish to return to the 100-plus hour work week for trainees.  Rather, surgical training must be made more efficient than ever before, and time on task must be made to count at every opportunity on the ward, in the emergency room, and in the operating room.  That is why I applaud the efforts of our Division of Orthopaedics for their promulgation of a Competency Based Curriculum (CBC), a curriculum that we are most eager to emulate across all Divisions within the Department of Surgery.  In this regard, and working with our leaders in Surgical Education in the Department, we are making tangible progress in this direction as an important part of our Strategic Plan.
James T. Rutka, MD, PhD, FRCSC
RS McLaughlin Chair
Annals of Surgery 258: 440-449, 2013 (3)



Department of Surgery University Rounds
Friday, February 7, 2014
7:30 a.m. – 8:30 a.m.
Kergin Lecture
Dr. Eben Alexander, III
Author, Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon’s Journey into the Afterlife
The Allan Waters Family Auditorium
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute
St. Michael's Hospital
209 Victoria Street
Toronto Musculoskeletal Centre Research Day
18th Floor, Ben Sadowski Auditorium, Mount Sinai Hospital
Tuesday, February 11, 2014; 1- 5 p.m.
Visiting Speaker:  Dr. Ben Alman
Harland-Smith Lecture
March 7, 2014, Li Ka Shing Centre
Dr. Steven Strasberg
Statistical Thinking and Smart Experimental Design
Atelier Wilson Centre
March 17-19, 2014
54th Annual Update in General Surgery
April 10-12, 2014 at the Hilton Hotel in Toronto.
1st Annual Canadian Burn Symposium
Dr. Marc Jeschke and his team at the University of Toronto and the Ross Tilley Burn Centre at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre will be holding the 1st Annual Canadian Burn Symposium on May 26th & 27th, 2014 at the Westin Harbour Castle in Toronto.  This will be a fully accredited event!
Keynote speakers include Dr. David N Herndon, University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospital for Children, Galveston Texas USA.
Please register now at:
37th Annual Assembly of General Surgeons will be on May 29th, 2014 at One King West.
Continuing Education & Professional Development Courses, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
Hand and Upper Extremity Update
February 8, 2014
Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
For more information:  
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email: 


14th Annual Breast Surgery Symposium
April 3, 2013, Toronto Hilton
For more information: 
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email:
44th Annual Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Symposium
April 4-5, 2014
For more information: 
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email:

11th Biennial Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Symposium
April 11-12, 2014
Eaton Chelsea, Toronto
Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
For more information: 
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email:
Competency Based Training Program Workshop
April 25, 2014
MaRS Discovery District
Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
For more information: 
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email: 
1st Annual Canadian Burn Symposium
May 26-27, 2014
Toronto Westin Harbour Castle
Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
For more information click here.
Phone: 416.978.2719/1.888.512.8173 Email:
Ben Alman Research and Science Rounds were held on Friday, January 10, 2014 at the Toronto Western Hospital. Tom Chau, Ph.D., Vice President, Research - Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Centre spoke on “Recent advances in body-machine interfacing” and Milos R. Popovic, Ph.D., Toronto Rehab Chair in Spinal Cord Injury Research spoke on “Restoration of voluntary reaching and grasping function following severe stroke: Randomized clinical trial”.  From left to right: B. Alman, T. Chau, M.R. Popovic
In Memoriam 
Dr. Gerald T. Cook (Urology) passed away on January 13, 2014 in his 85th year.   Dr. Cook was a long standing member of the Division of Urology. He was a surgical pioneer and an integral part of the founding of the Kidney Transplant program at the Toronto Western Hospital. Dr. Cook also worked at the Hospital for Sick Children.  A celebration of Dr. Cook's life will take place on February 14th from 5 - 7 p.m. at the Visitation Centre, Mount Pleasant Cemetery.
Dr. Sherif Hanna has retired from the Division of General Surgery at Sunnybrook as of January 2014.  He joined the staff of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in January 1980 where his practice focused on HPB surgical oncology.  He was Head of the Division of General Surgery for 10 years and Head of the Surgical Oncology Program at the Odette Cancer Centre at SHSC for 11 years. 

Dr. John Hagen Appointed as Chief/Physician Director of Surgery, Humber River Hospital effective January 1, 2014.  Dr. Hagen received his surgical training at the University of Toronto and went for further training in New Zealand and England. He has been Chief of Surgery at Northwestern and Head of General Surgery for the Humber River Regional Hospital.  

Education Development Fund – Call for Applications 2014
The Council of Education Deans is pleased to announce that applications for this year’s Education Development Fund (EDF) are now being accepted. This year’s application deadline is: March 14th, 2014, 12:00pm (NOON). Funded by the Education Vice-Deans, the Education Development Fund is intended to support new and innovative projects that align with our Faculty’s strategic directions in education around the core values of innovation, integration and impact in education.  Late applications will not be accepted. More information about the competition and application process can be found online at
Marc Jeschke (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery) was recently interviewed on Canada AM for his work on a novel skin printer to better serve burn patients.  The video can be viewed at:
Fuad Moussa (Cardiac Surgery) has recently had his work in designing a simulation-based curriculum focusing on beating heart surgery highlighted in MedSim Magazine as their cover story:
Rob Nam (Urology) and colleagues publish new findings on complications after radical prostatectomy in Lancet Oncology.  The full report can be found online at:  Lancet Oncology, January 17, 2014,

The 2014 Department of Surgery Soccer Team won their league  championship cup AND the golden boot for highest number of goals scored!  Congratulations team. 

Continuing Appointment Reviews (CARs)
The following Continuing Appointment Review (CAR) took place in January  under the leadership of Ori Rotstein, Associate Chair, Department of Surgery: 

Marc Jeschke was recruited to the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre as a Professor and Medical Director of the Ross Tilley Burn Centre in May  2010.  He became a full Professor in 2013.  He completed a research fellowship from 1996-1999 at the the University Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospital for Children. He then returned to Germany to the University of Regensburg where he received his surgical training. During that time he was awarded his PhD in Experimental Surgery in 2001. Dr. Jeschke returned to the University Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospital for Children in 2004 as a faculty member.  From August 2005 to June 2006 he was a Burn and Critical Care Fellow at this same institution.  He was appointed Burn Attending and Coordinator of Research in 2006 and named the Annie Laurie Howard Chair of Burn Surgery in 2008. From left to right: A. Nathens, M. Jeschke, C. Forrest

Leodante daCosta (Neurosurgery) and his team including Joe Fisher, Peter Howard, and Bradley MacIntosh, were successful on their grant application to the GE & National Football League $20M Head Health Challenge.  They were 1 of 16 winners.  The team will receive $300,000 award to advance their work to speed diagnosis and improve treatment for mild traumatic brain injury.  The goal of the Head Health Challenge is to improve the safety of athletes, members of the military and society overall.

Karen Davis  (Neurosurgery) is a 2013-2014 Mayday Fellow. As part of the Mayday Pain & Society Fellowship, Professor Davis will further her training as a pain management expert by learning to more effectively communicate her work, raise awareness, and improve treatment of acute and chronic pain.  

Peter Dirks (Neurosurgery) is the recipient of the Garron Family Chair in Childhood Cancer Research. 

Michael Fehlings (Neurosurgery) received a 21st Century Grant from the Cervical Spine Research Society.

Cindi Morshead (Anatomy) along with N. Dancause, M. Fehlings, I. Mendez, and M. Shoichet received a 5 year CIHR grant for their project “Promoting neural regeneration with stem cell based therapies: A novel source of autologous human neural stem cells for transplantation”.
James Rutka (Neurosurgery) was invested in the Order of Ontario on January 23, 2014. 


Abolghasemian M, Gharanizadeh K, Kuzyk P, Masdari Z, Fakharian M, Safir O.  Hips with synovial chondromatosis may display the features of femoroacetabular impingement.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Jan 15;96(2):e11. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.01550.
Abolghasemian M, Samiezadeh S, Sternheim A, Bougherara H, Barnes CL, Backstein DJ.  Effect of patellar thickness on knee flexion in total knee arthroplasty: a biomechanical and experimental study.  J Arthroplasty. 2014 Jan;29(1):80-4.
Alali AS, Scales DC, Fowler RA, Mainprize TG, Ray JG, Kiss A, de Mestral C, Nathens AB.  Tracheostomy timing in traumatic brain injury: A propensity-matched cohort study.  J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Jan;76(1):70-8.
Al-Ibrahim A, Parrish J, Dunn E, Swallow C, Maxwell C.  Pregnancy and maternal outcomes in women with prior or current gastrointestinal malignancies.  J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2014 Jan;36(1):34-41.
Al-Omair A, Soliman H, Xu W, Karotki A, Mainprize T, Phan N, Das S, Keith J, Yeung R, Perry J, Tsao M, Sahgal A.  Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in five daily fractions for post-operative surgical cavities in brain metastases patients with and without prior whole brain radiation.  Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2013 Dec;12(6):493-9.
Alshafai N, Cusimano MD, Falenchuk O. Global differences in the present and future management of cerebral aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):717-22.
Appoo JJ, Tse LW, Pozeg ZI, Wong JK, Hutchison SJ, Gregory AJ, Herget EJ.  Thoracic Aortic Frontier: Review of Current Applications and Directions of Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR).  Can J Cardiol. 2014 Jan;30(1):52-63.
Arad E, Li Z, Sitzman TJ, Agur AM, Clarke HM.  Anatomic Sites of Origin of the Suprascapular and Lateral Pectoral Nerves within the Brachial Plexus.  Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Jan;133(1):20e-7e. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000436825.49580.82.
Arnold PM, Fehlings MG, Kopjar B, Yoon ST, Massicotte EM, Vaccaro AR, Brodke DS, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Woodard EJ, Banco RJ, Chapman JR, Janssen ME, Bono CM, Sasso RC, Dekutoski MB, Gokaslan ZL.  Mild diabetes is not a contraindication for surgical decompression in cervical spondylotic myelopathy: results of the AOSpine North America multicenter prospective study (CSM).  Spine J. 2014 Jan 1;14(1):65-72.
Brathwaite S, Macdonald RL.  Current Management of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia: Update from Results of Recent Clinical Trials.  Transl Stroke Res. 2013 Dec 13.
Burton B, Gaspar A, Josey D, Tupy J, Grynpas MD, Willett TL.  Bone embrittlement and collagen modifications due to high-dose gamma-irradiation sterilization.  Bone. 2014 Jan 16. pii: S8756-3282(14)00008-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2014.01.006. [Epub ahead of print]
Choi D, Morris S, Crockard A, Albert T, Bunger C, Fehlings M, Harrop J, Kawahara N, Martin JA, Massicotte EM, Mazel C, Oner FC, Peul W, Tomita K, Wang M.  Assessment of quality of life after surgery for spinal metastases: position statement of the global spine tumour study group.  World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):e175-9. 
Cil T, Wright F, Holloway CM.  Surgical Resident Experience in Breast Disease: A National Study.  World J Surg. 2014 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print]
D'Anastasio R, Wroe S, Tuniz C, Mancini L, Cesana DT, Dreossi D, Ravichandiran M, Attard M, Parr WC, Agur A, Capasso L.  Micro-biomechanics of the kebara 2 hyoid and its implications for speech in neanderthals.  PLoS One. 2013 Dec 18;8(12):e82261. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082261.
Daniels TR, Younger AS, Penner M, Wing K, Dryden PJ, Wong H, Glazebrook M.  Intermediate-Term Results of Total Ankle Replacement and Ankle Arthrodesis: A COFAS Multicenter Study.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Jan 15;96(2):135-42.
Deb S, Fremes SE.  Invited commentary.  Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 Jan;97(1):109-10.
Desouza DD, Hodaie M, Davis KD.  Abnormal trigeminal nerve microstructure and brain white matter in idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. Pain. 2014 Jan;155(1):37-44.
Diaz RJ, McVeigh PZ, O'Reilly MA, Burrell K, Bebenek M, Smith C, Etame A, Zadeh G, Hynynen K, Wilson BC, Rutka JT.  Focused ultrasound delivery of Raman nanoparticles across the blood-brain barrier: Potential for targeting experimental brain tumors.  Nanomedicine. 2013 Dec 27. pii: S1549-9634(13)00717-X. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2013.12.006. [Epub ahead of print]
Di Ieva A, Schmitz EM, Cusimano MD.  Analysis of intracranial pressure: past, present, and future.  Neuroscientist. 2013 Dec;19(6):592-603.
Di Ieva A, Valli M, Cusimano MD.  Distinguishing Alzheimer's disease from normal pressure hydrocephalus: a search for MRI biomarkers.  J Alzheimers Dis. 2014 Jan 1;38(2):331-50.
Dold AP, Zywiel MG, Taylor DW, Dwyer T, Theodoropoulos J.  Platelet-rich plasma in the management of articular cartilage pathology: a systematic review.  Clin J Sport Med. 2014 Jan;24(1):31-43.
Donaldson L, Li B, Cusimano MD.  Economic burden of time lost due to injury in NHL hockey players.  Inj Prev. 2014 Jan 19. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2013-041016. [Epub ahead of print]
Fehlings MG, Barry S, Kopjar B, Yoon ST, Arnold P, Massicotte EM, Vaccaro A, Brodke DS, Shaffrey C, Smith JS, Woodard E, Banco RJ, Chapman J, Janssen M, Bono C, Sasso R, Dekutoski M, Gokaslan ZL.  Anterior Versus Posterior Surgical Approaches to Treat Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Outcomes of the Prospective Multicenter AOSpine North America CSM Study in 264 Patients.  Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 15;38(26):2247-52.
Fukuda H, Munoz D, Macdonald RL.  Spontaneous thalamic hemorrhage from a lateral posterior choroidal artery aneurysm.  World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):900.e1-6.
Furlan JC, Valiante T, Dickson B, Kiehl TR.  Paraspinal desmoid-type fibromatosis as a cause of low back pain.  Spine J. 2013 Dec 1;13(12):1958-9.
Han SM, Wan H, Kudo G, Foltz WD, Vines DC, Green DE, Zoerle T, Tariq A, Brathwaite S, D'Abbondanza J, Ai J, Macdonald RL.  Molecular alterations in the hippocampus after experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage.  J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014 Jan;34(1):108-17.
Hanna WC, Paul NS, Darling GE, Moshonov H, Allison F, Waddell TK, Cypel M, de Perrot ME, Yasufuku K, Keshavjee S, Pierre AF.  Minimal-dose computed tomography is superior to chest x-ray for the follow-up and treatment of patients with resected lung cancer.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jan;147(1):30-5.
Ho ES, Ponnuthurai J, Clarke HM.  The incidence of idiopathic musculoskeletal pain in children with upper extremity injuries.  J Hand Ther. 2014 Jan-Mar;27(1):38-43.
Howe KL, Zhou G, July J, Totimeh T, Dakurah T, Malomo AO, Mahmud MR, Ismail NJ, Bernstein MA.  Teaching and sustainably implementing awake craniotomy in resource-poor settings.  World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):e171-4.
Howe KL, Malomo AO, Bernstein MA.  Ethical challenges in international surgical education, for visitors and hosts.  World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):751-8.
Hsiao M, Sathya C, de Mestral C, Langer JC, Gomez D, Nathens AB.  Population-based analysis of blunt splenic injury management in children: Operative rate is an informative quality of care indicator.  Injury. 2013 Dec 21. pii: S0020-1383(13)00588-3. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2013.12.006. [Epub ahead of print]
Husain S, Resende MR, Rajwans N, Zamel R, Pilewski JM, Crespo MM, Singer LG, McCurry KR, Kolls JK, Keshavjee S, Liles WC.  Elevated CXCL10 (IP-10) in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Is Associated With Acute Cellular Rejection After Human Lung Transplantation.  Transplantation. 2014 Jan 15;97(1):90-7.
Ibrahim GM, Morgan BR, Macdonald RL.  Patient Phenotypes Associated With Outcomes After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Principal Component Analysis.  Stroke. 2014 Jan 14. [Epub ahead of print]
Ibrahim GM, Wong SM, Anderson RA, Singh-Cadieux G, Akiyama T, Ochi A, Otsubo H, Okanishi T, Valiante TA, Donner E, Rutka JT, Snead OC 3rd, Doesburg SM.  Dynamic modulation of epileptic high frequency oscillations by the phase of slower cortical rhythms.  Exp Neurol. 2014 Jan;251:30-8.  Kalsi-Ryan S, Beaton D, Curt A, Duff S, Jiang D, Popovic MR, Rudhe C, Fehlings MG, Verrier MC. Defining the role of sensation, strength, and prehension for upper limb function in cervical spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2014 Jan;28(1):66-74.
Kaul S, Khan OH, Edem I, Lwu S, Willinsky R, Vescan A, Zadeh G.  Transclival pseudomeningocele secondary to ecchordosis physaliphora: case report and literature review. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2013 Dec;74(2):92-5.
Khechoyan DY, Saber NR, Burge J, Fattah A, Drake J, Forrest CR, Phillips JH.  Surgical outcomes in craniosynostosis reconstruction: The use of prefabricated templates in cranial vault remodelling.  J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014 Jan;67(1):9-16.
Korst RJ, Bezjak A, Blackmon S, Choi N, Fidias P, Liu G, Marx A, Wright C, Mock S, Rutledge JR, Keshavjee S.  Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced thymic tumors: A phase II, multi-institutional clinical trial.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jan;147(1):36-46.
Krischek B, Vescan A, Zweifel C, Zadeh G, Gentili F.  Endonasal endoscopic release of a delayed tension pneumocephalus after craniofacial resection of a tumor of the anterior skull base.  J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;74 Suppl 1:e271-4.
Kurtz G, Zadeh G, Gingras-Hill G, Millar BA, Laperriere NJ, Bernstein M, Jiang H, Ménard C, Chung C.  Salvage radiosurgery for brain metastases: prognostic factors to consider in patient selection.  Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Jan 1;88(1):137-42.
Laprade J.  Clinician's Commentary on Recknor et al.(1.).  Physiother Can. 2013 Winter;65(1):84-5.
Lim ME, Bowen JM, Snead OC 3rd, Elliott I, Donner E, Weiss SK, Otsubo H, Ochi A, Drake J, Rutka JT, Worster A, Hopkins RB, Goeree R, Tarride JE.  Access to surgery for paediatric patients with medically refractory epilepsy: A systems analysis.  Epilepsy Res. 2013 Dec;107(3):286-96.
Lipsman N, Lozano AM.  Targeting emotion circuits with deep brain stimulation in refractory anorexia nervosa.  Neuropsychopharmacology. 2014 Jan;39(1):250-1.
Lipsman N, Woodside DB, Lozano AM.  Trends in anorexia nervosa research: an analysis of the top 100 most cited works.  Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2014 Jan;22(1):9-14.
Macdonald RL.  Editorial: Aneurysm wall inflammation.  J Neurosurg. 2014 Jan;120(1):70-2. doi: 10.3171/2013.5.JNS13824. Epub 2013 Oct 25. No abstract available.
Macdonald RL.  Delayed neurological deterioration after subarachnoid haemorrhage.  Nat Rev Neurol. 2013 Dec 10. doi:
Maloul A, Fialkov J, Wagner D, Whyne CM.  Characterization of craniofacial sutures using the finite element method.  J Biomech. 2014 Jan 3;47(1):245-52.
Mihic A, Li J, Miyagi Y, Gagliardi M, Li SH, Zu J, Weisel RD, Keller G, Li RK.  The effect of cyclic stretch on maturation and 3D tissue formation of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.  Biomaterials. 2014 Jan 11. pii: S0142-9612(13)01536-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.12.052.
Nam RK, Cheung P, Herschorn S, Saskin R, Su J, Klotz LH, Chang M, Kulkarni GS, Lee Y, Kodama RT, Narod SA.  Incidence of complications other than urinary incontinence or erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy for prostate cancer: a population – based cohort study.    The Lancet Oncology, Published online January 17, 2014,
Neagu B, Tsang E, Mazzella F, Hamani C, Moro E, Hodaie M, Lozano AM, Chen R.  Pedunculopontine nucleus evoked potentials from subthalamic nucleus stimulation in Parkinson's disease.  Exp Neurol. 2013 Dec;250:221-7.
Nishimura Y, Hara M, Natsume A, Nakajima Y, Fukuyama R, Wakabayashi T, Ginsberg HJ.  Spinal intradural cystic venous angioma originating from a nerve root in the cauda equina.  J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Dec;19(6):716-20
Pakdel A, Mainprize JG, Robert N, Fialkov J, Whyne CM.  Model-based PSF and MTF estimation and validation from skeletal clinical CT images.  Med Phys. 2014 Jan;41(1):011906. doi: 10.1118/1.4835515.
Radovanovic I, Abou-Hamden A, Bacigaluppi S, Tymianski M.  A safety, length of stay, and cost analysis of minimally invasive microsurgery for anterior circulation aneurysms.  Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2014 Jan 7. [Epub ahead of print]
Remke M, Ramaswamy V, Peacock J, Shih DJ, and Taylor MD.  TERT promoter mutations are highly recurrent in SHH subgroup medulloblastoma.  Acta Neuropathol. 2013 Dec;126(6):917-29.
Saleh M, Carter MT, Latino GA, Dirks P, Ratjen F.  Brain arteriovenous malformations in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: clinical presentation and anatomical distribution.  Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Dec;49(6):445-50.
Samplaski MK, Loai Y, Wong K, Lo KC, Grober ED, Jarvi KA.  Testosterone use in the male infertility population: prescribing patterns and effects on semen and hormonal parameters.  Fertil Steril. 2014 Jan;101(1):64-9.
Seruya M, Tran J, Kumar S, Forrest CR, Chong DK.  Computed tomography-based morphometric analysis of extended strip craniectomy for sagittal synostosis.  J Craniofac Surg. 2014 Jan;25(1):42-7.
Sharma S, Gomez D, Demestral C, Hsiao M, Rutka J, Nathens AB.  Emergency access to neurosurgical care for patients with traumatic brain injury.  J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Jan;218(1):51-7.
Smith JS, Kepler CK, Kopjar B, Harrop JS, Arnold P, Chapman JR, Fehlings MG, Vaccaro AR, Shaffrey CI.  Effect of Type II Odontoid Fracture Nonunion on Outcome Among Elderly Patients Treated Without Surgery: Based on the AOSpine North America Geriatric Odontoid Fracture Study.  Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 15;38(26):2240-6.
Strauss I, Kalia SK, Lozano AM.  Where are we with surgical therapies for Parkinson's disease?  Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2014 Jan;20 Suppl 1:S187-91. doi: 10.1016/S1353-8020(13)70044-0.
Stroman PW, Wheeler-Kingshott C, Bacon M, Schwab JM, Bosma R, Brooks J, Cadotte D, Carlstedt T, Ciccarelli O, Cohen-Adad J, Curt A, Evangelou N, Fehlings MG, Filippi M, Kelley BJ, Kollias S, Mackay A, Porro CA, Smith S, Strittmatter SM, Summers P, Tracey I. The current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging: Methods. NeuroImage 2014;84:1070-81. 
Tator CH.  Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: How serious a sports problem is it?  Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jan;48(2):81-3.
Taylor HO, Morrison CS, Linden O, Phillips B, Chang J, Byrne ME, Sullivan SR, Forrest CR.  Quantitative facial asymmetry: using three-dimensional photogrammetry to measure baseline facial surface symmetry.  J Craniofac Surg. 2014 Jan;25(1):124-8.
Thompson BA, Spurdle AB, Bapat B, Gallinger S, et al.  Application of a 5-tiered scheme for standardized classification of 2,360 unique mismatch repair gene variants in the InSiGHT locus-specific database.  Nat Genet. 2013 Dec 22. doi: 10.1038/ng.2854. [Epub ahead of print]
Wang YS, Li SH, Guo J, Mihic A, Wu J, Sun L, Davis K, Weisel RD, Li RK.  Role of miR-145 in cardiac myofibroblast differentiation.  J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Jan;66:94-105.
Wheeler-Kingshott CA, Stroman PW, Schwab JM, Bacon M, Bosma R, Brooks J, Cadotte DW, Carlstedt T, Ciccarelli O, Cohen-Adad J, Curt A, Evangelou N, Fehlings MG, Filippi M, Kelley BJ, Kollias S, Mackay A, Porro CA, Smith S, Strittmatter SM, Summers P, Thompson AJ, Tracey I. The current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging: Applications. NeuroImage 2014;84:1082-93.
Whitehead WE, Riva-Cambrin J, Wellons JC 3rd, Kulkarni AV, Holubkov R, Illner A, Oakes WJ, Luerssen TG, Walker ML, Drake JM, Kestle JR; Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network.  No significant improvement in the rate of accurate ventricular catheter location using ultrasound-guided CSF shunt insertion: a prospective, controlled study by the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network.  J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Dec;12(6):565-74.
Witiw CD, Citow JS, Ginsberg HJ, Spears J, Perrin RG, Cusimano MD, Macdonald RL.A novel device to simplify intraoperative radiographic visualization of the cervical spine by producing transient caudal shoulder displacement: a 2-center case series of 80 patients. J Neurosurg Spine. 2013 Dec;19(6):697-700.
Yan P, Chen KJ, Wu J, Sun L, Sung HW, Weisel RD, Xie J, Li RK.  The use of MMP2 antibody-conjugated cationic microbubble to target the ischemic myocardium, enhance Timp3 gene transfection and improve cardiac function.  Biomaterials. 2014 Jan;35(3):1063-73.
Zhao X, Liu GS, Liu Y, Wang J, Satkunendrarajah K, Fehlings M. The role of neural precursor cells and self assembling peptides in nerve regeneration. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013 Dec 19;42(1):60.
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