October 2014: Volume 5, Issue 10
Fire Science Webinar in November
Long-term structural and compositional development of fire-origin red pine forests in north central Minnesota
University of Minnesota
The complex of outwash plains and moraines in north central Minnesota have historically supported some of the most extensive areas of jack, red, and white pine forest in the United States. The extent of these forest has been greatly reduced due in large part to past land use, including logging and associated fires at the turn of the 20th
century. Nonetheless, several large areas of natural fire-origin red pine forests pre-dating this period still exist, particularly in Itasca State Park and the Chippewa National Forest, allowing for examinations of the long-term post-fire development of these systems and their response to management. This webinar will discuss the patterns of stand structural and compositional development for red pine systems using a unique series of long-term managed and old-growth study plots from north central Minnesota. These plots include a repeatedly-measured 2 ha study plot established in 1923 in an old-growth red pine stand in Itasca State Park, MN, as well as long-term thinning trials in stands originating from the 1864 fire on the Chippewa National Forest. Collectively, this unique combination of datasets will be used to demonstrate multiple aspects of stand structural and compositional development including spatial patterning of mortality, regeneration dynamics, and coarse woody debris attributes. In addition, the use of various site preparation techniques, including underburning, to regenerate future red pine forests in these areas will be discussed.
Click HERE to Connect to Webinar
Use the Guest Login and enter First and Last Name....
no passcode or registration needed
For additional information click HERE
Past LSFSC Webinars
We have begun our 2014-2015 Webinar series, starting off in October with “The 2014 Maple Ridge Prescribed Burn - Using High-Intensity Crown Fire in Jack Pine
To view a recording of this Webinar click HERE
You can access recordings of past LSFSC webinars HERE
Check out some of the Lake States Fire Science
Research Briefs are 1-2 page summaries of peer-reviewed articles on fire science in the Lake States Region.
The current list includes:
- Mixed-Pine Forests, Fire and Snags in Upper Michigan
- Fire and Black-Backed Woodpeckers in Upper Michigan
- The 1976 Seney (Walsh Ditch) Fire and Wildlife
- Birds, Mixed-Pine and Fire In Eastern Upper Michigan
- Understanding the Importance of Spatially-Explicit Metrics of Natural Disturbance Regimes in Restoration of Mixed-Pine Forests
- Citation Database for Regional Fire Science Publications
- Lake States Knowledge Gaps Assessment Project
You can access these briefs HERE
Pictures and Summary from the October Fire Management Field Trip in SW MI
Multiple Perspectives on Fire Sensitive Species in Fire Dependent Habitats
The tour began inside the fence at Fort Custer Training Center. Michele Richards, environmental specialist, (pictured, left) led the group to the transition between prairie fen and upland. Prior to prescribed fire management, the transition zone was dominated by shrubs, including glossy buckthorn.
Neonate eastern box turtles are fitted with tiny, low power radio transmitters (just visible in the photo above). Lightweight, fluorescent fishing line aids in locating individuals turtles that may be burrowed belowground. Why both methods? Hatchlings can move up to 30 meters per day, explained Michigan DNR biologist Alicia Ihnken (holding the hatchling).
Fuel from little bluestem was sufficient for prescribed fire to set back the invasive forb spotted knapweed. Female turtles have not been using the area to lay eggs, possibly due to the dense thatch layer and lack of bare ground.
Eastern box turtles use woodland habitat for overwintering. Part of the ongoing research is looking at the effects of fall burns on leaf litter, soil temperature, and spring emergence of turtles.
The site also demonstrated fire effects in oak woodlands - multiple spring prescribed fires have created fire scars on some black oaks, but other black oaks and white oaks did not show obvious scars. White oak saplings were responding to increased light availability.
WI Forest Fire Protection Grants announced for forest and wildland fire suppression
There are 222 local fire departments in Wisconsin that will receive a total of $564,173 in grants this year for equipment, prevention and training to enhance their forest fire protection and suppression ability.
Local fire departments and county or area fire organizations received funding by applying for Forest Fire Protection Grants, which were established in 1997 to strengthen local fire departments’ and county or area fire organizations’ capabilities to assist the DNR forestry staff in suppression of forest fires.
The grant program provides funds for the purchase of forest fire suppression equipment and training, including: personal protective equipment, forest fire training, forest fire prevention, forest fire tools and equipment, communication equipment, dry hydrant installation, rural fire mapping and off-road, all-wheel drive, initial-attack vehicles.
A complete list of the 2014 grant recipients can be found HERE
Forest Guild Position Statement on the Endangered Species Listing of the Northern Long-Eared Bat
The Lake States members of the Forest Guild have worked with the Membership and Policy Council to write a position paper on the Northern Long-Eared Bat (NLEB). The Position Statement supports the application of the ESA to protect rare species in general and recognizes the need for NLEB conservation action. However, members are concerned that potential forest management restrictions resulting from the listing will have negative impacts on forest managers' ability to manage forests responsibly, and on local forest dependent communities that will outweigh the protection afforded to NLEB under the ESA. Lake States Forest Guild members also believe FWS should take a more holistic and ecological approach to their assessment of forest treatments and their effects on NLEB.
Fire Management Tools Software
The Interagency Fuels Treatment Decision Support System: IFTDSS V2.0 BETA
WHAT IS IFTDSS?
A fully functional, integrated framework that makes available a suite of commonly used software models and other tools from an improved, easy-to-navigate user interface.
HOW CAN IT HELP YOU?
IFTDSS and its components:
- are web-based, so users don’t need to acquire, learn, or maintain a raft of modeling applications.
- provide other critical components of a fuels treatment or burn plan, including the library of fire behavior fuel models and the NWCG-approved burn plan template.
- incorporate the LANDFIRE geospatial database, from which users can create tailor-made maps for a given landscape. Maps can be exported to Google Earth, offering additional mapping and viewing capability.
- can be used across multiple scales, from small sites to landscapes up to several hundred thousand acres, to analyze fire hazard, assess risk, plan fuels treatments and prescribed burns.
- extend powerful modeling and predictive capability to people who may be very good at assessing hazard and risk from forest fuels, but who may not be trained programmers, GIS experts, or database wizards.
2014 National Canadian Smoke Forum
The 2014 National Smoke Forum was held in Halifax, Nova Scotia on October 10, 2014 in association with the Wildland Fire Canada Conference.
The Forum was an opportunity to discuss the importance of wildfire smoke, review the current technology and tools that help inform decision making, discuss the policies and issues related to smoke impacts, and suggest plans for projects and organizations to address smoke issues in the future.
Agenda, Presentations and Posters online HERE
Effectiveness of Suppression Resources on Large Wildfires
Wildfire management currently represents over 50 percent of the US Forest Service’s total budget.
Suppression of large fires represents the single largest category of fire management and typically exceeds $1 billion annually.
In both 2012 and 2013 large fire suppression exceeded the Agency’s budget allocations by over $400 million.
Despite the scale of the investment, relatively little is understood about how suppression actions influence large wildfire spread and the conditions that ultimately lead to containment.
There is considerable uncertainty in managing large wildfires including:
- Quality of weather forecasts
- Complex environmental conditions
- Variation in the type and quality of suppression resources
- Whether or not requested suppression resources will be assigned
This webinar reviews several recent studies that attempt to understand how suppression actions influence fire progression as well as review variation among Incident Management Teams in the amount of resources that they use to manage large wildland fires in the US.
Results suggest that modeling large fire containment as a production process of fireline construction similar to traditional initial attack models is inappropriate.
Click HERE for the RECORDING LINK
Fire-Oak of Eastern North America: Synthesis and Guidelines
THE FIRE-OAK SYNTHESIS PROJECT
In 2010, we issued a request for proposals to synthesize the existing fire-oak literature. The ultimate goal was to develop guidelines for using prescribed fire to restore and sustain upland oak ecosystems in eastern North America. This report is the culmination of that project and is divided in to the following chapters:
- Fire History of Eastern North America
- Adaptations of Oak To Fire
- Review of Fire Effects Studies
- Guidelines for Using Fire In Oak Ecosystems
Apply for 2015 RESEARCH FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES
Proposals are due by November 21, 2014, 5:00 p.m. MST
For more information of the 2015 Announcement of Funding Opportunities click HERE
Wildland Urban Interface Wildfire Mitigation Desk Reference Guide
The Wildland Urban Interface Wildfire Mitigation Desk Reference Guide provides basic background information on relevant programs and terminology for community members or agency personnel who are seeking to enhance their community's wildfire mitigation efforts.
Mitigation happens at all levels--local, state, tribal, and federal. A combined approach helps communities achieve fire-adapted status. The keys to success are individuals, communities, and organizations working together to share and leverage resources and build partnerships. This guide defines terms and identifies resources that are useful in mitigation planning efforts for all lands.
Upcoming Regional Fire Trainings
The following fire training opportunities have been brought to our attention. If you are offering fire courses in the next year please send information to Jack McGowan-Stinski
so that we can post in future newsletters for you.
Wildland Fire Courses at Fox Valley Technical College – Fall 2014
S-212 Wildland Powersaws
December 9 -12, 2014
S-270 Air Ops
Please contact Rick Buser
for more information, or call 920-205-5902
2014 Single Resource Boss Academy
S230 Crew Boss , S231 Engine Boss & S236 Heavy Equipment Boss
Camp Grayling MING, Grayling, MI
Training Building 353
THREE COURSE REGISTRATION FOR ACADEMY PREFERRED
S230: Dec. 8 –10 IQCS Session #00699
S231: Dec. 11 IQCS Session #00530
S236: Dec. 12 IQCS Session#00032
Lodging and Meals provided on Base
Each student must:
- Be FFT1-Trainee, minimum requirement
- Bring course prework
- Bring an initiated taskbook
- Provide their own bedding
- Check-In on Base Sunday Dec.7, 2014 starting at 1700 – 1900 Hours; & Monday Dec. 8 @ 0700 Hours
NOMINATIONS DUE BY 11/21/14 to:
LSFSC Regional Conferences and Meetings
Forest Exotic Invasive Workshop
November 10, 2014 in Sault Marie, Ontario
A Lake States and Tallgrass Prairie and Oak Savanna Fire Science Symposium
Stewardship Network 2015 Conference
Burning Issues: How do we integrate competing objectives in land management and restoration?
When: January 13 and 14, 2015
Where: Fort Custer Training Center, Augusta, MI
Registration information available December 2014
2015 Science, Practice & Art of Restoring Native Ecosystems Conference
January 23 & 24, 2015 at the Kellogg Center, East Lansing, MI
Midwest Fire Conference
Tallgrass Prairie and Oak Savanna Fire Science Consortium
February 17-19, 2015 in Dubuque, Iowa
Conferences in the U.S.
Wildland Urban Interface Conference
March 25-26, 2015 in Reno, Nevada
Fire in Eastern Oak Forests Conference
May 27-29, 2015 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
6th International Fire Ecology and Management Congress
Advancing Ecology in Fire Management: Knowledge Transfer through Workshops, Presentations, and Meetings
November 16-20, 2015 in San Antonio, Texas