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SPECIAL EDITION

On Holocaust Memorial Day, we remember those people killed by the Nazi regime during the Holocaust, including six million Jewish men, women and children.

The theme for 2022 is One Day... 

One day... we will live in a world where genocide will be a thing of the past.
One day... we will live in a world where racial discrimination, persecution and injustice will no longer exist.
One day... we will embrace difference and understand we are stronger together.

Be Inspired

Words that can change your world

If you are not a better person tomorrow than you are today, what need have you for tomorrow? 

Rebbe Nachman of Breslov

Words, Rhythm, Harmony
Poetry new & old
Do I want to remember?
The peaceful ghetto, before the raid:
Children shaking like leaves in the wind.
Mothers searching for a piece of bread.
Shadows, on swollen legs, moving with fear.
No, I don’t want to remember, but how can I forget?
Do I want to remember, the creation of hell?
The shouts of the Raiders, enjoying the hunt.
Cries of the wounded, begging for life.
Faces of mothers carved with pain.
Hiding Children, dripping with fear.
No, I don’t want to remember, but how can I forget?
Do I want to remember, my fearful return?
Families vanished in the midst of the day.
The mass grave steaming with vapor of blood.
Mothers searching for children in vain.
The pain of the ghetto, cuts like a knife.
No, I don’t want to remember, but how can I forget?
Do I want to remember, the wailing of the night?
The doors kicked ajar, ripped feathers floating the air.
The night scented with snow-melting blood.
While the compassionate moon, is showing the way.
For the faceless shadows, searching for kin.
No, I don’t want to remember, but I cannot forget.
Do I want to remember this world upside down?
Where the departed are blessed with an instant death.
While the living condemned to a short wretched life,
And a long tortuous journey into unnamed place,
Converting Living Souls, into ashes and gas.
No. I Have to Remember and Never Let You Forget.

Spotlight on ... Survivor Stories

Eva Clarke - Miracle Baby
Baby Born In A Concentration Camp 

Eva Clarke has been called the miracle baby. By the time of her birth, her mother Anka had endured six years of Nazi rule, had survived three concentration camps and weighed just five stone.

Food Lovers
Recipes passed down from generation to generation
Matzo Ball Soup - Chicken Broth
This is a traditional recipe good for anything that ails you. It's the absolute best when you've got the flu, and it's great the second and third day.

Vegetarian Version 
 
Ingredients
  • 1 whole chicken
  • 1 medium yellow onion, chopped
  • 8 carrots, peeled and sliced
  • 1 parsnip, chopped
  • 3 cloves garlic, crushed
  • 2 stalks celery, chopped
  • 1 bunch fresh dill weed, chopped
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 2 ½ cups matzo meal
  • 6 eggs
  • 6 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 2 teaspoons salt
NB. These are traditional matzoh balls which do not float, for a lighter version cut the matzoh meal by 1/2 cup 

Method
  1. Place the chicken into a large pot with the breast side down. Fill with enough cold water to reach about 3 inches from the top of the pot. Add the onion, carrot, parsnip, celery and dill. Bring to a simmer over medium heat, and cook, partially covered for 2 hours. Do not let the soup boil. Skim any fat from the top of the soup, and add the garlic cloves. Partially cover, and simmer for another 2 hours for best flavour.
  2. In a medium bowl, mix together the matzo meal, eggs, oil, salt, and 1/4 cup of the broth from the chicken soup. Refrigerate for about 20 minutes to set up.
  3. Bring a separate pot of water to a rolling boil. Roll the matzo mixture into about 16 balls. Wet your hands to keep the dough from sticking to them. Drop the balls into boiling water, cover, and cook for about 35 minutes.
  4. While the matzo balls are cooking, strain the broth from the chicken soup. Return the broth to the pot. Remove the bones and skin from the chicken and cut into pieces. Return to the soup, or leave the soup as a broth, and reserve the chicken for other uses. Remove the matzo balls from the water, and serve in the hot chicken soup.
Recipe taken from allrecipes
Potato Latkes
Traditionally prepared to celebrate Hanukkah, crispy on the outside and soft in the middle. these are delicious served with a dollop of apple sauce and sour cream

Ingredients
  • ¾ medium yellow onion, peeled and cut into large pieces
  • 3 medium russet potatoes, peeled and cut into large pieces
  • ¼ cup all-purpose flour(30 g)
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 2 large eggs
  • vegetable oil, for frying
  • 1 cup cinnamon applesauce (225 g), for serving
  • sour cream, for serving
Method
  1. Using a food processor fitted with a grater blade or the large holes of a box grater, grate the onion. Transfer to a bowl and set aside.
  2. Grate the potatoes in the food processor or on a box grater.
  3. Line a large bowl with paper towels or a clean kitchen towel. Squeeze the excess liquid from the potatoes into the bowl. Drain the liquid, then add the potatoes to the bowl, along with the grated onion, and toss to combine.
  4. Add the flour, salt, and eggs and stir to combine.
  5. Heat 2 inches (5 cm) of vegetable oil in a heavy-bottomed pot over medium-high heat until it reaches 350˚F (180˚C).
  6. Dollop about ¼ cup (30 G) of the latke mixture at a time into the hot oil and spread to make pancakes, about 3 inches in diameter. Do not overcrowd the pan. Reduce the heat to medium and fry until the latkes are browned on the bottom and the edges are crispy, 3-5 minutes. Flip and cook on the other side for about 5 minutes more, until browned and crispy. Transfer the latkes to a paper towel-lined plate to drain and repeat with the remaining batter.
  7. Serve the latkes with cinnamon applesauce and sour cream.
Enjoy!
Recipe taken from Tasty
 

"Did you know?"

Interesting Facts
The Nuremberg Laws
On the 15th September 1935 the Nazi's enacted into law two pieces of legislation.
  • The Reich Citizenship Law
  • The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour
Throughout the the 1930's and 1940's the Nazi's would continue to enact various laws to further reinforce the racist ideology that saw Jewish people as "parasitic vermin" only worthy of eradication. Although Jewish people were considered the priority enemy and other groups were targeted for persecution, imprisonment and annihilation, including  Roma (often called Gypsies), Black people and their descendants, those with disabilities, Poles and Soviet prisoners of war and political opponents. 

These laws were designed to protect the 'purity' of the German race and strip German Jews of their German citizenship. Together they laid the legal framework for the persecution of Jewish people during the Holocaust and WWII.
 
Remembering Sonja Hene
Sonja was born in Hassloch, Germany to Flora and Sigmund Hene, but later moved to Melun, Paris.  She did not die in the concentration camps but, according to the testimony written by her sister Vera Heuberger, she was pushed into the River Sen and left to die.  Sonja’s father, Sigmund died in Buchenwald on September 16th 1942, and Flora, her mother died at Auschwitz on October 28th 1942. Sonja had four siblings, all of whom survived.
 

Sonja Hene, Sonja Hene with siblings
 
This was shared by Roz Shafran whose daughter Rachel was twinned by Yad Vashem (the World Holocaust Remembrance Centre) with a little girl named Sonja Hene, who was sadly killed by the Nazis when she was 10 years old and with whom she shares her birthday. On 27th January 2018, Rachel celebrated her Batmitzvah not only for herself, but also for Sonja.
 

Keep Exploring
Read , Watch, Listen

Read...

From small beginnings: the euthanasia of children with disabilities in Nazi Germany
Lee Hudson 

"On Holocaust Memorial Day, we should remember the lesser-known criminal murders of children and young people with disabilities. This was a first step on the road to the systematic murder by the Nazis of racial groups. I wrote a paper on this in 2011 which you can read on the link below. It is shocking to how many health professionals were actively involved with this - most of them unpunished and continuing to practice after the war. But more broadly an important warning of the consequences of a state destroying the independence of clinicians and scientists, and what goes wrong when society views people with disabilities as outside of itself, and as a burden." Lee Hudson

House of Glass: The Story and Secrets of a Twentieth-Century Jewish Family
Hadley Freeman

An engrossing piece of literary detective work, House of Glass details the lives of Hadley Freeman’s grandmother and her siblings across the globe and through a turbulent twentieth century.
Watch...
Anne Frank's Betrayal - Investigating other suspects
CBS 60 Minutes Series
Correspondent Jon Wertheim reported on a new look into the decades-old question that has dogged many readers of Anne Frank's diary: Who betrayed the Frank family and led a search team to their secret annex hidden behind a bookcase? 
Listen...

Learning Voices of the Holocaust - British Library

Voices of the Holocaust consists of oral history testimonies gathered from Jewish men and women who came to live in Britain during or after WWII. These testimonies are personal, individual, true stories, that describe the hardships of life during Hitler's reign.

Further interviews with Jewish survivors of the Holocaust can be found on the Sounds website.

UCL CENTRE FOR HOLOCAUST EDUCATION
Leon Greenman and the struggle for survival: New Podcast marking Holocaust Memorial Day 2022

"Auschwitz Survivor 98288 Leon Greenman"
@UCL

UCL marks Holocaust Memorial Day 2022

UCL is marking Holocaust Memorial Day, which takes place on 27 January, with a range of activities that students, staff and the wider community can take part in.

What's On
News & Events

The UK Ceremony for Holocaust Memorial Day 2022 will be streamed online on Thursday 27 January at 7pm. You can watch the Ceremony here:
 
Watch the Ceremony
 
The Ceremony will run from 7–8pm.
 
At 8pm, get ready to Light the Darkness with us. Households across the UK will be lighting candles and safely putting them in their windows to:
 
remember those who were murdered for who they were
stand against prejudice and hatred today
Light a candle and put it in your window at 8pm on 27 January 2022 (if you are able to do so safely).

First They Came
By Pastor Martin Niemoller
 
First they came for the Communists
And I did not speak out
Because I was not a Communist
Then they came for the Socialists
And I did not speak out
Because I was not a Socialist
Then they came for the trade unionists
And I did not speak out
Because I was not a trade unionist
Then they came for the Jews
And I did not speak out
Because I was not a Jew
Then they came for me
And there was no one left
To speak out for me
This month's issue was compiled by
Terrie Fiawoo from ICH Population, Policy & Practice Research &  Teaching Department
With contributions from Lee Hudson, Roz Shafran, Francesca Cavallaro and Diana Margot Rosenthal. 
NEXT ISSUE: EDI Circular - LGBTQ History Month
CONTRIBUTE: If you would like to contribute to this issue please use this link
Just in cased you missed it!
The UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health Race Equity Group presents...The Music Festival of Unity
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Copyright © 2019 University College London, All rights reserved.

UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/child-health

UCL Race Equality Steering Group
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/equality-diversity-inclusion/committees-and-social-networks/race-equality-steering-group

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