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https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/10/crosswords/what-the-heck-is-that-fatha.html
 
What the Heck Is That?
A look at one of the entries from last week’s puzzles that stumped our solvers.
 
By Deb Amlen
June 10, 2019
Earl “Fatha” Hines (1903-1983) was an American jazz bandleader, composer and pianist. He is considered to be the father of modern jazz piano, setting the standard for generations of jazz pianists such as Oscar Peterson, Bud Powell and Herbie Hancock.
Mr. Hines came from a musical family and learned to play the cornet from his father as a young boy, but switched to piano after deeming the cornet to be “too loud.” Eventually, he would develop his signature style of unusual accents and rhythms on the piano, which he described as “playing on the piano what I had wanted to play on the cornet.”
In 1925, he moved to Chicago, which was then considered to be the jazz capital in the United States. It was in the Windy City that he struck up a friendship and partnership with Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong. Mr. Hines joined Mr. Armstrong’s band and they developed a style where one of them would play a riff and the other would repeat it on his instrument.
By the late 1920s, Mr. Hines formed his own band, working with musicians who were famous on their own, such as Charlie Parker, Sarah Vaughan, Billy Eckstine, Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis.
Mr. Hines was also a pioneer of bebop.
He continued recording until shortly before his death in 1983. 
[Watch Earl “Fatha” Hines discuss his influences and technique.]
How It Might Be Clued
“Nickname in early jazz piano,” “Hines of jazz,” “Jazz’s Earl Hines, familiarly,” “Jazz pianist who played with Satchmo,” “Nickname of jazz’s Earl Hines”
 

 



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