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Medical marijuana users are more likely to use prescription drugs medically and nonmedically
Previous population-level studies have been interpreted as evidence that people who consume marijuana for medical use reduce their use of prescription opioids and other prescription drugs for medical and nonmedical reasons.
This study analyzed data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to calculate associations between the consumption of marijuana for medical use and the use of prescription drugs for both medical and nonmedical use. The researchers controlled for several confounding factors.
They found that those who used marijuana for medical reasons were significantly more likely to use prescription drugs medically and nonmedically. Among those in the latter category, risks were higher for the nonmedical use of pain relievers, stimulants, and tranquilizers.
These findings refute studies asserting that states legalizing marijuana for medical use have lower rates of prescription drug use and abuse.
Read abstract in the Journal of Addiction Medicine here.

Tag: Effects (Note: See “What are tags”? below)

Cannabis use in bipolar disorder
presents treatment challenge
Some 70 percent of patients with bipolar disorder are estimated to have tried marijuana at least once in their lifetimes and 30 percent have a marijuana use disorder as well as bipolar disorder. As marijuana use becomes more frequent, the risk for psychotic disorders increases in such patients.
“Researchers have found that cannabis use is also associated with a younger age at onset of first manic episode, increased manic and depressive episodes, increased risk of rapid cycling, poorer outcome, and poorer treatment compliance.”
This article explains why these findings make the treatment of bipolar disorder in patients who use marijuana more challenging.
Read this Psychiatry Advisor article here. And thanks to Michael Cerullo for sending it to us.

Tag: Effects
Proposed recreational legalization in Michigan
Con: Healthy and Productive Michigan

Healthy and Productive Michigan is a committee of concerned individuals with diverse backgrounds who recognize the economic, safety, and health concerns of recreational marijuana use. They are committed to keeping Michigan’s economy thriving and its citizens healthy, by preventing the legalization of recreational marijuana in Michigan.

The organization’s current newsletter lists links to Talking Points, a Q&A on what the ballot initiative means, and research on the harms marijuana is doing to unborn babies.

Read Healthy and Productive Michigan newsletter here. Access Healthy and Productive Michigan website here.

Tag: Reject Recreational
Proposed recreational legalization in Michigan
Pro: Recreational will be on the ballot as Proposal 1

The marijuana beat reporter for lays out what Proposition 1 will do if Michigan voters pass it in November.  Key points include:
  • You could have 2.5 ounces of marijuana and 15 grams of marijuana concentrate on your person.
  • You could have 10 ounces in your home.
  • You could have 12 plants in your home.
  • Recreational marijuana products would be subject to the state’s 6 percent sales tax and a 10 percent excise tax.
Read MLive story here
Read MLive’s comparison of Proposition 1’s possession provisions to those of the 9 states that have legalized recreational marijuana here
Visit proponents’ website here.

Tag: Recreational

Doctors say marijuana and CBD oil could help people avoid opioids.
Justin Farmer: “Marijuana CBD oil could help some people in Georgia dump their prescription pain pills. We’re telling you about this because the opioid epidemic is claiming lives.” 
  • FACT—People who use various forms of marijuana for medical use are more—not less—likely to abuse prescription drugs including painkillers, stimulants, and tranquilizers. (See first article in this issue.) 
Tom Regan: "You might be surprised to find this: CBD. It comes from the marijuana plant and yes, it’s legal.” 
  • FACT—CBD derived from the marijuana plant that also contains up to 5 percent THC is legal in Georgia. It is illegal under federal law. 
Tom Regan: "Long-time pharmacist Ira Katz is a big fan of hemp-derived CBD products. They’re legal because they only contain trace amounts of THC, the compound in pot that makes you high.”
  • FACT—Hemp-based products are not legal. Congress may legalize hemp in the 2018 Farm Bill but has not done so to date. Read UPI explanation here.
  • Read the US Secretary of Agriculture’s Principles of Industrial Hemp here (Page 53395). 
Tom Regan—"Studies have found that CBD is effective in treating a wide variety of ailments, including neuropathic pain, pain from arthritis, anxiety, sleeping disorders, and depression.” 
  • The US Food and Drug Administration has approved purified CBD (trade name Epidiolex®) to treat two devastating forms of epilepsy, Dravet syndrome and Lennox Gastaut syndrome. No other forms of CBD have been approved to treat any disease or condition. 
View this article here.

Tag: CBD

What are tags?

With this issue of The Marijuana Report, we introduce tags. Click on any tag at the end of an article in today’s e-newsletter and you will be taken to The Marijuana Report website. Since 2014, we have posted some 9,000 summaries of articles about marijuana legalization, health, safety, commerce, culture, and enforcement. Each summary on the website contains tags as well.
When you click on any tag in the e-newsletter or on the website, all the summaries we have posted to the website under that subject quickly come up, providing a rich array of articles posted under each particular tag. For example, two articles in today’s issue are tagged with the word “Effects.” Clicking on the “Effects” tag in today’s issue will take you to all the summaries we have posted on the website about marijuana’s effects. Unless the media source has removed the article, you can read our summary and the full text of the original article by clicking the word “Read” at the end of each summary.
Note that one of the tags under each summary on the website is a tag to the newspaper, TV channel, or internet source of the original article. Click on the name to see all summaries of articles we have posted from that media source.
To return to the e-newsletter, toggle back from your internet browser to your email inbox.

The Marijuana Report is a weekly e-newsletter published by National Families in Action in partnership with SAM (Smart Approaches to Marijuana).

Visit National Families in Action's website, The Marijuana Report.Org, to learn more about the marijuana story unfolding across the nation.

Subscribe to The Marijuana Report e-newsletter.
The Marijuana Report Staff
Executive Editor—Sue Rusche
Editor—Nicole Carter
IT Consultant—Lee Clontz
Social Media Coordinator—Margarita Eberline
We are grateful to our Board of Directors and Senior Adviser for their support of National Families in Action, which produces The Marijuana Report website and e-newsletter.
National Families in Action
Board of Directors

William F. Carter, Chairman of the Board & Realtor 
Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices – Georgia Properties, Atlanta.
Sue Rusche, President and CEO, Atlanta.
Richard L. Brown, Secretary & Attorney &
 Executive Director, Sudden Cardiac Arrest Association, Lakewood Ranch, Florida.
Marcie Beskind, Treasurer & Chief Financial Officer/Chief Administrative Officer,
Jewish Federation of Greater Atlanta.
Jeannine F. Adams, Director & President and CEO
J. Addams & Partners, Atlanta.
William H. Avery, Director & Partner (Ret.)
Alston & Bird, LLP, Atlanta.
Margarita Eberline, Director & Strategy Director
360 Marketing Plus, Atlanta.
Robert Margolis, PhD, Director & Founder 
Caron Solutions Intensive Outpatient Program, Roswell, Georgia.
Senior Adviser
Kent “Oz” Nelson, Chairman and CEO (Ret.)
United Parcel Service, Atlanta.
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