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             Newsletter 3: Updates from T-SUM between March - February 2021

Despite COVID-19, which has affected the way we live and work, T-SUM has been able to conduct a range of activities including both in person and virtual workshops, publish policy briefs, working papers, and reports, and contribute to key policy-making processes. The involvement of various partners to achieve these activities was essential. This document summarises the T-SUM activities between March 2020 and February 2021 and provides information about future events and outputs. 

Written Outputs

We have produced a number of written outputs over the last year including:

COVID-19 & transport related research: 

  • A policy brief on the response of Maputo’s transport sector to COVID-19. Available here
  • A policy brief on the response of Freetown’s transport sector to COVID-19. Available here

Outputs from Freetown, Sierra Leone

Outputs from both the first and second workshop held in Freetown were published as part of T-SUM’s participative governance processes. The workshops' briefs are available on the website:  

Workshop 1: 
  • Strategic vision for sustainable urban transport and mobility in Sierra Leone: Lessons and insights from Freetown. See briefing note here 
Workshop 2: 
  • Practical Implementation constraints and opportunities: Lessons and insights from Freetown. See briefing note here 
  • Timeline of policy priorities to achieve the vision. See timing diagram here 
                                   Photo Credit: An artists impression of what the future of Freetown should look like
                                   based on the workshop participants vision. Yasmina Yusuf (UCL)

Participatory Policy Planning Report: We have developed a report that summarises the workshops that were held in Freetown in December 2019 and March 2020. It provides a detailed account of the preparatory and implementation processes and offers reflections on the practical experiences of holding these workshops. The objective of this report is to provide an illustration of how to implement participatory policy processes in the mobility sector, in the context of rapidly growing Sub-Saharan African cities. The report is available on the T-SUM website here

City Profile Freetown: Base Conditions of Mobility, Accessibility and Land Use: The city profile is the first rigorous attempt at producing evidence-based knowledge for understanding the main drivers of current development trajectories and their influence on urban mobility, accessibility, social and environmental issues in Freetown. It is available to view on the T-SUM website here

Outputs from Maputo, Mozambique

Contribution to knowledge about minibuses: In the context of T-SUM, Joaquin Romero and Clemence Cavoli participated in a workshop funded by the VREF in August 2020. The focus of the workshop was: ‘Emerging business models and service options in the shared transport sector in African cities’. As a result of the workshop, a paper was published including key insights from Maputo’s experiences. The publication can be found here

T-SUM has supported the development of a map that identifies existing programmes, projects and proposals in the Maputo Metropolitan area. This mapping also highlights all stakeholders involved in these initiatives. The map can be viewed here

T-SUM has also been supporting Maputo's newly established transport observatory, involving transport experts from WAZA. As part of their activities, Joaquin has been training young academics and practitioners interested in urban mobility, to support the next generation of transport experts in Maputo.
                                       Photo Credit: Joaquin Romero Tejada (Goteo)             
 Two peer-reviewed academic papers are in the process of being published:

Cavoli, C. (Accepted pending modifications). Accelerating sustainable mobility and land-use transitions in rapidly growing cities: identifying common patterns and enabling factors. Journal of Transport Geography 
Oviedo et al. (Accepted pending modifications). Accessibility and sustainable mobility transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from Freetown. Journal of Transport Geography.

Public & External Events

Maputo's Urban Sustainability Week

                                                Photo Credit: Joaquin Romero Tejada (Goteo)

T-SUM was an official partner in Maputo’s Sustainable Urban Mobility Week (Ill Semana da Mobilidade Sustentavel), which took place in the last week of October 2020. Joaquin Romero and the rest of the T-SUM team were not only involved in the organisation of the entire event, but also held a presentation on the Maputo City Profile. A number of policymakers and researchers attended the virtual city profile presentation, that outlined key findings so far and highlighted some of the data gaps that need to be urgently addressed for research and policy.

In addition, the mobility and transport observatory (Observatoria da Mobilidade e Transporte - OMT), which T-SUM supports, presented on a range of topics including an overview of the chapas (mini-buses) system that operates in Maputo and acts as the backbone of collective transport. 


Formal Launch of Maputo's Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) 

An MoU to implement a SUMP in Maputo was signed by all the municipalities in the Maputo Metropolitan area. It is led by the Maputo Transport Metropolitan Agency (AMT) in collaboration with the French Development Agency, who is financing the SUMP as part of the Mobilise your City (MYC) initiative.

The T-SUM partners, in particular the Maputo partners, have played a crucial role in ensuring that the SUMP will draw on the research and policy work from the T-SUM project. As a result, the SUMP will include findings from T-SUM outputs, including the city profile and the qualitative research work. The consultancy company Transitec who will lead the SUMP in Maputo, will collaborate with the T-SUM partners to jointly run the T-SUM workshops. The outputs of which will be included in the SUMP.
                                    Photo Credit: Joaquin Romero Tejada (Goteo)

Presentation of T-SUM at Safari Njema in Milan 

Professor Matos, Joaquin Romero and Dr Daniel Oviedo were invited to participate in a seminar organised by the University Politecnico di Milano in Milan on January 27, 2020. The seminar focused on big data and urban policies in Maputo. It aimed at formulating cooperation strategies and building synergies between different programs/projects, including T-SUM and projects led by Politecnico di Milano and MIT.

                                     Photo Credit: Joaquin Romero Tejada (Goteo)
Freetown Steering Committee Meetings

In August 2020, T-SUM coordinated another steering committee meeting in Freetown, involving key decision makers, to discuss the preliminary outputs from the March workshop and also agree on the next steps for the dissemination of the T-SUM outputs and the political legacy of the project.

In November 2020 T-SUM held Freetown's 6th steering committee meeting, where we took stock on how the findings from T-SUM have been applied to transport planning in Freetown. We also discussed next steps to cement the political commitment from steering committee members to use the T-SUM findings to guide transport policy in Freetown. Further detail is available in the Participatory Planning Report.

In January 2021 T-SUM held Freetown's 7th steering committee meeting, where the scope and objectives of the upcoming dissemination workshop were discussed. 

                                                 Photo Credit: Daniel Oviedo (UCL)

Webinar Series: Researching Transport Inequalities in Global South Cities - International Network for Transport and Accessibility in Low Income Communities (INTALInC) 

Dr. Daniel Oviedo presented on ‘Accessibility and social equity in Africa: from research to policy and practice” where he presented T-SUM's accessibility framework applied to the case studies including,  the findings to date in Freetown from the focus group discussion and key informant interviews related to accessibility. The presentation is available here       

Dr. Clemence Cavoli presented the T-SUM project and focused on the approach and methodology, in particular the participatory governance processes that took place in Freetown as summarised in the Participatory Planning Report. The presentation is available here

                                Photo Credit: Clemence Cavoli (UCL)

UCL MSc Students' Involvement

T-SUM concepts and findings are being used to inform the MSC in Urban Development Planning at the Bartlett Development Planning Unit. Three students have focussed on various topics within T-SUM, in the context of their dissertation projects:  

Dense, diverse and sustainable: exploring future pathways for the adoption of Transit-Oriented Development in Maputo - Juan Corona Barrera from MSc Building and Urban Design

Reframing Accessibility is the Key to achieve sustainable urban mobility in the global south: freetown, Sierra Leone Case Study - Almos Tivadar Papp from MSc Urban Economic Development 

Environmental justice and sustainable transportation for low income groups the case of maputo, Mozambique - Fabia Mendes from MSc in Environmental and Sustainable Development 

Students have also been learning about T-SUM's findings in the context of UCL's and Imperial College's Transport MSc. The transport policy module led by Dr. Cavoli, set up a collaboration with Freetown City Council (FCC). Students were asked to undertake mini studies to inform the FCC’s policies, in particular regarding Climate Change  and Transport, the establishment of a cable car and the electrification of collective transport. 

Students have also been learning about T-SUM's findings in the context of UCL's and Imperial College's Transport MSc. The transport policy module led by Dr. Cavoli, set up a collaboration with Freetown City Council (FCC). Students were asked to undertake mini studies to inform the FCC’s policies, in particular regarding Climate Change and Transport, the establishment of a cable car and the electrification of collective transport. In the context of this collaboration, they had a unique opportunity to meet with Freetown’s Mayor Aki-Sawyerr and City Council representatives Modupe Williams, Mariama Whitmore and Victoria Gonsior.

Internal Meeting

To conclude the year 2020 the T-SUM teams from Maputo, London and Freetown met virtually to reflect on the progress achieved over the year and agree on priorities for the final year of T-SUM. A highlight was the discussion on the city profiles of both Maputo and Freetown, which demonstrated the many commonalities and differences between the two cities. 

                                                            Photo Credit: Joaquin Romero Tejada (Goteo)

Media coverage: 

T-SUM appeared in “Transportes & Transito” – a renowned journal on transport in Mozambique. For more information and the full article see here

Upcoming Activities:

City Profile Maputo

The Maputo city profile, similar to the Freetown city profile mentioned above, will be uploaded onto the T-SUM website early next year.

Qualitative Data Analysis

Prior to COVID-19, fieldwork was carried out in both Maputo and Freetown. While the analysis of all key informant interviews and focus group discussions has been completed for Freetown, Maputo is still ongoing. We expect to finalise this over the coming months and produce a series of working papers based on these findings.

Upcoming T-SUM events

T-SUM workshops in Maputo
TBC, 2021

T-SUM is collaborating with the French Development Agency (AFD), UN-Habitat and Eduardo Mondlane University to organise participatory workshops in Maputo. The workshops aim to discuss and agree possible urban trajectories & transitions in Freetown to achieve sustainability principles and goals. It will inform Maputo’s upcoming SUMP. 
Dissemination event in Freetown 
March, 2021
This event will highlight the progress and outputs of T-SUM in Freetown over the last two years. More details will be published on both the T-SUM and SLURC website. 


T-SUM welcomes two new team members!

Yasmina Yusuf joined the T-SUM team in October 2020. After completing her MSc at the Bartlett Development Planning Unit, she was the UCL Fellow based at the Sierra Leone Urban Research Centre (SLURC), where she worked on a range of topics in Freetown’s urban development including transport and T-SUM.  Prior to this she worked at Oxford Policy Management, where she managed and implemented research programmes related to economic development. She supports the research and management of the project.
Amadu Labor joined the T-SUM team in August 2020. He is a Research Officer at SLURC and has a BA in Development Studies from the University of Makeni and a BSC in Agricultural Education from the Ernest Bai Koroma University of Science and Technology. On T-SUM he provides research assistance including data collection and analysis. 
Website & Twitter 

 The T-SUM website and T-SUM twitter account are regularly updated! Please have a look and send Daniel Oviedo ( your feedback, comments and suggestions for improvement. T-SUM also has a Twitter Account: @tsum_africa. Follow it and start tweeting.

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